Unique Gustavus Adolphus clothing designed and sold by artists for women, men, and everyone. List two changes that Gustavus Adolphus made to his army that enabled him to defeat the Spanish? These grouped in batteries, supported his more linearly deployed formations, the whole in his armies replaced the cumbersome and unmaneuverable traditional deep squares up to 50 ranks deep (Spanish Tercios), used in other pike and shot armies of the day. … So he wanted to join the war, but he would only do it under certain conditions. In March 1632, Gustavus Adolphus invaded Bavaria. That was dying the 30 Years' War. She abdicated in 1654 in favor of her cousin, resisting pressure to marry and give birth to an heir. With a GPA of 3.6, Gustavus Adolphus College requires you to be above average in … Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Cemetery. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. From the first he was carefully nurtured to be the future prop of Protestantism by his austere parents. The expanding of the time period was due to the fact that Parker argued the trend of the increasing size of armies preceded both Maurice and Gustavus and … He would be risking his nation, and he would not do it without reward, so if the war was won he … Gustavus Adolphus was killed at the Battle of Lützen, when, at a crucial point in the battle, he became separated from his troops while leading a cavalry charge into a dense smog of mist and gunpowder smoke. September 1632. But Adolphus was a great st… In the early eighteenth century, Sweden switched from from concern to be a military power to a position of neutrality. Within Minnesota, Gustavus Adolphus College is Considered a Very High Quality College at a Great Price. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',129,'0','0'])); Gustavus Adolphus lead Sweden during her glory years in the Thirty Years War. It was during your reign that Sweden emerged as one of the greatest powers in Europe, due in no small part to your wisdom, both on and off the battlefield. Gustavus worked himself very hard; he was a deeply religious man and a good orator. His parents were Charles IX and Christina of Holstein. BASIC INFO: Date of exchange: 5/22/20 Duration of exchange: 59 min Name of your exchange: Beatriz (sixth exchange) Linguistic level of your exchange: Beginner level Where does he/she live? Thus, by their decision he is officially, to this day, to be called Gustaf Adolf the Great (Gustavus Adolphus Magnus). He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… He intervened on behalf of the Lutherans in Prussia, who opened the gates to their cities. At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. Management does not listen to your side and decides quickly on what they heard. Clearly, Gustavus Adolphus was an important figure whose innovative style and tactics on the battlefield would help him live in infamy far after his death on the battlefields of Lützen. Dec 22, 1915. When Gustavus Adolphus began his push into northern Germany in June-July 1630, he had just 4,000 troops. He did not have a legitimate male heir, however, and was succeeded by his daughter Christina of Sweden. Victories in two of the wars brought new territory, expanding the Swedish empire. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of King Charles IX of Sweden of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. His early death was a great loss to the Lutheran side, it prolonged the war for many years. : Seville, Spain How did you find this … Gustav II Adolf, better known … Munich yields to the Swedish army. I worked so hard, did what was needed to be done and more...never was it … In both countries, November 6 is the name day for Gustav Adolf, one of the few exceptional name days in the year. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article As he was so young when he became king, the. Relatives of Gustavus Adolphus "gus" Autry. Also unique to Gustavus Adolphus' army was the instruction of artillery, cavalry, and infantry in the disciplines and duties of one another so as to provide for an army of cross trained soldiers, adept at fighting in any style and partaking in interchangeable positions as necessitated by the course of the conflict in which they were currently participating. On October 16, 1876, Gustavus Adolphus College opened at the location that still stands today. September 1631. Gustavus Adolphus College's overall average net price combined with a very high quality education, results in a great value for the money when compared to other colleges and universities in Minnesota. He forced the withdrawal of his Catholic opponents at the Battle of Rain. Gustavus intervened on the anti-Imperial side, which at the time was losing to the Holy Roman Empire and its Catholic allies; the Swedish forces would quickly reverse that situation. He died in the Battle of Lützen in 1632. Perhaps one of the most important aspects of Gustavus Adolphus's legacy is that by establishing Sweden as one of Europe's leading nations, he opened Swedish eyes to the world beyond the Baltic. Known as the "Father of Modern Warfare," Gustavus Adolphus' innovative battlefield tactics were renounced for their ingeniousness and would prove valuable in their time as well as in future militaristic conflicts. November 1632. 459 likes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gustavus Adolphus Smith (December 26, 1820 – December 11, 1885) was a prosperous carriage maker in Decatur, Illinois before the American Civil War. No such honor has been bestowed on any other Swedish monarch since. To do that, he had developed one of the best armies that Europe had ever seen. As a general, Gustavus Adolphus is famous for employing mobile artillery on the battlefield, as well as very aggressive tactics, where attack was stressed over defense, and mobility and cavalry initiative were emphasized. His involvement in the Thirty Years' War gave rise to the old prophecy that he was the incarnation of "the Lion of the North," or as it is called in German "Der Löwe von Mitternacht" (Literally: "The Lion from Midnight"). Gustavus Adolphus met and defeated it at the First Battle of Breitenfeld in September 1631, in spite of the collapse of his Saxon allies. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic Baltic power for the next one hundred years. A history of Gustavus Adolphus' wars was written by Johann Philipp Abelin.[3]. He spent much of his life at war. In the post-World War II context, in proportion to her Gross National Product, Sweden has been one of the highest contributors to aid and development. Nor has Sweden favored former colonial territories in its aid program, since links that did exist are too distant in time to have any continued claim. Who aided him? Sweden expanded to become the third biggest nation in Europe after Russia and Spain within only a few years during his reign. Up to the time of his death, Gustavus Adolphus had incurred 13 prior wounds in battle.[1]. In consequence, his forces could redeploy and reconfigure extremely rapidly confounding his enemies. His techniques helped to bring Sweden out of the Thirty Years' War and bestow upon the country prominence won on the battlefield. Who was Gustavus Adolphus? GUSTAVUS II. This is a page for professors, students, and alumni to come together to network, reminisce, and build a community. But as far as I know King Gustav Adolphus … He favored striking on the offense rather than taking the defensive approach to battle, as was common at the time, which added to his success and valor. He transformed the art of warfare, changed the course of history and liberated Protestant Germany from the threat of annihilation. Gustavus Adolphus was known as an able military commander. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "Gustavus Adolphus", Gustavus Adolphus lead Sweden during her glory years in the. Fair treatment was exercised among the ranks, a practice that was novel among armies at the time. He was fluent in German and spoke a number of foreign languages very well. His achievements must surely have inspired Peter the Great to do the same for Russia. The German Socialist Franz Meharring (1846–1919) wrote a biography of Gustavus Adolphus with a Marxist perspective on the actions of the Swedish king during the Thirty Years' War. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery and logistics earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare." Among other innovations, he installed an early form of combined arms in his formations where the cavalry could attack from the safety of a infantry line reinforced by canon, and retire again within to regroup after their foray. Gustavus Adolphus laid a solid foundation for Sweden's economy to flourish within safe and secure borders, from which Swedes looked out at a wider world, increasingly aware that humanity has a shared responsibility towards the welfare of all who live on the planet. Gustavus Adolphus was an accomplished soldier and with the help of Catholic France, he freed himself from the war against Poland with the Treaty of Altmark of September 1629. Christina was the last Swedish ruler from the House of Vasa. This humiliating experience for Gustavus did not usher in a period of noble control in Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus History, Saint Peter, Minnesota. Gustavus was well grounded in the classics, and his … Was Gustavus Adolphus II of Sweden truly the ‘Father of Modern Warfare’, as he is affectionately known, and did he really usher in the ‘Military Revolution’? Sigismund III wanted to regain the throne of Sweden and tried to force Gustav Adolph to renounce the title. He was also renowned for the consistency of purpose and the amity of his troops—no one part of his armies were considered better or received preferred treatment as was common in other armies where the cavalry were the elite, followed by the artillerist, and both disdained the lowly infantry. As king, you initiated a number of domestic reforms that ensured the economic stability and prosperity of your people. The crown of Sweden was inherited in the Vasa family, and from Charles IX's time excluded those Vasa princes who had been traitors or descended from deposed monarchs. His skills would be put into practice and renowned by future military men of great success, among them Clausewitz, Napoleon, and Patton. The Gustavus mission statement speaks … At the Battle of Lech, Gustavus Adolphus defeats Tilly once more, and in the battle Tilly sustains a fatal wound. As a modern day supporter of the peace keeping activities of the United Nations and a major donor in the fields of aid and development, Sweden is committed to achieving an equitable and just world for all people. Napoleon thought highly of the achievement, and copied the tactics. Aged. Name. Gustavus was highly intelligent and well versed in the Classics, Law, History and Theology. Feb 17, 1988. Before she abdicated, she launched Sweden's short-lived but important overseas empire, founding colonies in North America. It resulted in large parts of Germany and other countries, who for a large part had become Lutheran in faith, to be forced into Catholicism (via Counter-Reformation). The legacy of empire, begun by Gustavus Adolphus and continued during his daughter's reign, who acquired overseas colonies, left Sweden with knowledge of and interest in other parts of the world, which has translated into concern for issues of global justice and peace making Sweden one of the most active countries in supporting United Nations peace keeping activities. https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/sweden-1611-to-1718/gustavus-adolphus Richelieu provides the money he needed. But achieving these objectives depended on his continued success on the battlefield. Maria Eleonora and the king's ministers took over the government on behalf of Gustavus Adolphus' underage daughter Christina I of Sweden upon her father's death. Gustavus Adolphus's ancestors in three generations. His reign became famous from his actions a few years later when in June 1630, he landed in Germany, continuing Sweden's involvement in the ongoing Thirty Years' War. Sweden’s power grew until it was the greatest of the Baltic nations. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "the Great." In Finland, the day is celebrated as svenska dagen or ruotsalaisuuden päivä, "Swedishness Day," and is a customary flag day. Died. Arguably, it was because her father had secured Sweden's borders, and raised Sweden's status in Europe, that Sweden could now venture further afield across the oceans of the world, developing trade and commerce. I’m your host, Greg Kaster, faculty member in the department of history. This humiliating experience for Gustavus did not usher in a period of noble control in Sweden. Birth date. Address. Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632) (Gustav II Adolphus, widely known in English by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and variously in historical writings sometimes as simply just Gustavus, or Gustavus the Great, or Gustav Adolf the Great, from the special distinction passed by the Swedish Parliament in 1634) was founder of the Swedish Empire (or Stormaktstiden—"the era of great power") at the beginning of what is widely regarded as the Golden Age of Sweden. Leah gave to Spring20-SPA-321-002. Death date. Gustavus Adolphus attacks the stronghold of Alte Veste, which is under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein, but is repulsed, marking the first defeat in the Thirty Years' War of the previously invincible Swedes. Gustavus Adolphus became king of Sweden in 1611 when he was just 17. But he was soon able to consolidate the Protestant position in the north. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',162,'0','0'])); In a round of this dynastic dispute, he invaded Livonia when he was 31, beginning the Polish-Swedish War (1625–1629). This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. He was a volunteer Union Army colonel from the beginning of the war until September 22, 1863 and from February 28, 1865 until December 14, 1865. Gustavus Adolphus was known as an able military commander. Gustavus Adolphus focused on improving the tactical performance of his armies, not as an end in itself, but as a means of achieving his strategic goal of making Sweden a great power. Gustavus’ reign is, in fact, characterised by the harmonious relationship Gustavus had with the nobility as was symbolised by the friendship he had with the leader of the high nobility, Axel Oxenstierna. However, Gustavus was also responsible for many domestic reforms which pushed Sweden from being just another Baltic state to being the most dominant power in the region. It is the oldest of several Lutheran colleges founded in Minnesota. Schools are ranked according to their performance across a … At the Battle of Lützen, Gustavus Adolphus is killed but the Swedes win the day, thanks to Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, who assumed command, and defeat Wallenstein. Sweden emerged unscathed. He was married to Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, the daughter of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, and chose the Prussian city of Elbing as the base for his operations in Germany. (The Italians referred to him as "The Golden King" and others as "The Lion of the North.") Gustavus Adolphus College is ranked #84 in National Liberal Arts Colleges. However, Gustavus had been tutored by Johan Skytte and he had ensured that the young prince had developed the necessary attributes when dealing with people. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Gustavus Adolphus has been described by E N Williams as “the greatest Swedish King and one of the greatest statesman in European History”. He inherited the Swedish throne in 1611. Gustavus Adolphus saw himself as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if north Germany was safe then so was Sweden. From the age of 10 he had attended council meetings so by the age of 17 he had a formidable knowledge about affairs of state. His armies were finely trained. Shop our range of T-Shirts, Tanks, Hoodies, Dresses, and more. This decision was made by the Swedish Estates of the Realm, when they convened in 1633. At the Battle of Breitenfeld, Gustavus Adolphus decisively defeats the Catholic forces led by Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, even after the allied Protestant Saxon army had been routed and fled with the baggage train. April 1632. May 1632. Instead of wanting to dominate the world as a great power, although this had certainly played a role in her earlier self-understanding and was very much a concern of Gustavus Adolphus, Sweden became more interested in spreading Enlightenment values. But before that could become a reality, he had hard fighting to do. His remains (including his heart) now rest in Riddarholmskyrkan in Stockholm. He was, unquestionably, one of the greatest military generals in all of history, and his battles were studied assiduously by later great military figures. In 1611, Sweden was a weak country both a home and abroad. He had the one he'd built, drilled, trained, and inspired. Gustavus Adolphus College Ranking Factors. The whole course of modern history would have been dramatically different had not the Lord worked in such a tremendous way through the courageous crusade … His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery and logistics earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare." The Swedish war effort was kept up by generals Gustav Horn, Count of Pori, Johan Banér, Lennart Torstenson and chancellor Axel Oxenstierna until the, Gustavus Adolphus plays an important supporting role in Eric Flint's. For example, he was the creator of the first central bank in the world, Riksbanken, and the first in the world to start with Parish registration. He also had a natural ability to lead soldiers. After his death, his wife initially kept his body, and later his heart, in her castle for over a year. Gustavus Adolphus from 1560-1660 as too narrow, both geographically and chronologically. ADOLPHUS (1594–1632), king of Sweden, the eldest son of Charles IX. In order to go about answering these two questions one needs to firstly establish the identity of the titular figure himself and by an extension establish the context of this debate. Upon his father's death in 1611, a seventeen year-old Gustav inherited the throne, as well as an ongoing succession of occasionally belligerent dynastic disputes with his Polish cousin, Sigismund III of Poland, who in the preliminary religious strife before the Thirty Years' War, was forced to let go of the throne of Sweden to Gustav's father. Gustavus understood, more clearly than any of his contemporaries, that in early modern war shock was the crucial instrument of victory. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Soldiers such as Napoleon Bonaparte; Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington; Carl von Clausewitz; and Patton studied his battles, which are still taught in military science courses today. Gustavus Adolphus was a dedicated Christian, a Reformer-King and a great general. In it, he makes a case that the war was fought over economics and trade rather than religion. A lot of gossip and backstabbing! Parker expanded the time period to 1530-1710 and concentrated on the tactical reforms occurring in Spain during this period. Johann Philipp Abelin, Cornelis Danckerts, Cornelis Danckerts, Jan Jansson, and Matthaeus Merian, Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden&oldid=998439, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_2',169,'0','0'])); Christina succeeded him as Queen. It was founded as a college of the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church. An older generation of historians saw him, as his contemporaries did, simply as the Protestant Hero, the “Lion of the North”; later, he was viewed as having been moved by purely political considerations; and in … His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic Baltic power for the next one hundred years. Green River, WY. He then made plans for the invasion of the rest of the Holy Roman Empire. Gustavus is a horrible place to work...co-workers stick together with the lies they say about you. He learned a great deal from Maurice of Nassau but Gustavus was also an innovator of change. The marriage produced one daughter, Christina. Three Crowns Curriculum— an integrated studies approach to general education While his military tactics are still admired, perhaps the most significant aspect of his legacy is that he left Swedes a self-confident people, who, from their secure and increasingly prosperous nation-state, turned away from militarism in the eighteenth century, to emerge as one of the most philanthropic, peace-affirming people in the world. May 1630 and July 6 Gustav Adolph lands in. Gave 1.00 hour between 05/24/2020 and 05/25/2020 with Gustavus Adolphus College. Both cavalry and infantry could service the artillery—as his heavy cavalry did when turning captured artillery on the opposing Catholic Tercios atBreitenfeld; pikemen could shoot—if not as accurately as those designated musketeers so a valuable firearm could be kept in the firing line, and his infantrymen and gunners were taught to ride, if needed. What'd do he do that began Phase III of the Thirty Years War? When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. He is a… In the era, which was characterized by nearly endless warfare, he led his armies as King of Sweden—from 1611, as a seventeen year old, until his death in battle while leading a charge during 1632, in the bloody Thirty Years’ War—as Sweden rose from the status as a mere regional power and run of the mill kingdom to one of the great powers of Europe and a model of early modern era government. Gustavus’ reign is, in fact, characterised by the harmonious relationship Gustavus had with the nobility as was symbolised by the friendship he had with the leader of the high nobility, Gustavus Adolphus was a rarity in the Seventeenth Century – a powerful monarch supported by all sections of society. The novel militaristic practices of Gustavus Adolphus were admired in his time, earning him great fame and acclaim in his kingdom as well as throughout other parts of the world. In a Gustavus' army, the units were extensively cross trained. The King is seriously wounded in the battle of Dirschau (Tczew). At home, Gustavus and. By the end of 1629, Gustavus Adolphus controlled much of the … His artillery were themselves different—he would not let himself be hindered by cumbersome heavy cannon, but instead over a course of experimentation settled on smaller more maneuverable weapons, in effect fielding the first light field artillery in history in any significant ratios. His youth could have been a major weakness as the nobility could have exploited this to their advantage. Future commanders who studied and admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von Clausewitz. In February 1633, following the death of the king, the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates decided that his name would be styled Gustav Adolf the Great (or Gustaf Adolf den Store in Swedish). Gustavus Adolphus College is a church-related, residential liberal arts college firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. Gustavus Adolphus once wrote that, “All wars in Europe hang together.” If Ferdinand was successful in creating a centralized Catholic Germany, Sweden would be in danger. June 1629 his troops meet up with imperial troops under Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg, who used to serve under Gustav Adolph, and is ordered by emperor Ferdinand to aid Sigismund III. and of Christina, daughter of Adolphus, duke of Holstein-Gottorp, was born at Stockholm castle on the 9th of December 1594. Gustavus Adolphus is acknowledged as “the father of modern warfare,” for his innovative use of combined arms. All hail the transcendent King Gustavus Adolphus, founder of the Swedish Empire and her most distinguished military tactician. But Gustavus Adolphus did not have any other army in the world at this time. Gustavus Adolphus - Gustavus Adolphus - Entrance into the Thirty Years’ War: The motives prompting his intervention have long been a subject of historical controversy. Where is she/he originally from? The day is also an official flag day in the Swedish calendar. Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Sweden during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2021. 14 Related Question Answers Found What GPA do you need to get into Gustavus? As he was so young when he became king, the Riksrad (the chief council of the nobility) tried to re-assert itself as Charles IX had done a great deal to erode their power. At home, Gustavus and Oxenstierna introduced major reforms which had a marked impact on Sweden. He adopted much shallower infantry formations than were common in the pike and shot armies of the era, with formations typically fighting in 5 or 6 ranks, occasionally supported at some distance by another such formation—the gaps being the provinces of the artillery and cavalry as noted above. He took away … Gustavus reformed the infantry by increasing the proportion of musketeers to pikemen to two-to-one (with variations), so that more men in each formation were able to bring fire to bear on the enemy, giving each brigade – the main Swedish formation – greater punching power. And concentrated on the tactical reforms occurring in Spain during this period and... Young when he became king, is sold two of the few name!, she launched Sweden what did gustavus adolphus do short-lived but important overseas empire, founding in! Their advantage biggest nation in Europe after Russia and Spain within only a special pastry, with a or... 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