Almost immediately, Brigham Young sent out scouting parties to identify and claim additional settlement sites, minerals and other resources. We moved West to escape the mobs and persecutions that we were daily facing. Still have questions? In 1844, after a mob murdered Joseph Smith, the Church's new leader Brigham Young took the Mormons west. Summary -The Mining Frontier -The Farming Frontier -The Manifest Destiny - Technolgical advancements - Migration of the Mormons -Conditions in the East Social Reasons Territorial Reasons - The Indian Removal Act (1830)- Smith was then arrested and jailed in Carthage, Iowa on charges of treason. Young led the Mormons west into what would become Utah territory, and established what, in effect, was a mini-theocracy in the Salt Lake valley with Young as its leader. Mountain Meadows Massacre, T.B.H. Young sends groups of Mormons to settle in various parts of the intermountain west. What were some of the legacis the Mormons left behind? However, the practice was vigorously opposed elsewhere in the United States, threatening the church’s existence as a legal institution. Though much of the trail is no longer visible, long stretches of the trail can still be seen in Wyoming and several sites still exist that can be visited. For some of them, it gave them an opportunity to own their land, especially after Congress started passing the Homestead Acts in 1862. The first and only edition of the Nauvoo Expositor ran an article that claimed Smith was practicing polygamy and that he intended to set himself up as a theocratic king. Young quickly organized a militia, created Indian missions, directed the building of roads, and established businesses and services to allow the territory to be self-sustaining. Smith had to move his people many times. If Germans believe in Christ how did they get easily tricked into starting war? Many people became members of the new church. Neighbors persecuted them for their faith, people offended them, they had to learn new ways to farm and survive. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. In 1869 the Transcontinental Railroad was completed, and soon large numbers of “Gentiles” arrived in Utah to stay. There were multiple reasons for westward expansion, including everything from ideological to practical motivations. The purpose of the Mormons moving was to escape further persecution- they wanted the religious freedom that they were not getting in the East. Why Amtrak Joe Synonymous With The Current United States President Joe Biden. Those top leaders thought they'd get in less trouble if they moved to Mexican territory - as Utah was back then. We use cookies. venus_smrf. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in Illinois. Mormons pulling handcarts, by Hannah Cowan, Bureau of Land Management, Porter Rockwell – Destroying Angel of Mormondom, Joseph Smith, Jr. – Founder of the Mormon Church. In the spring of 1846, Brigham Young sent out 80 wagons equipped to travel into the Rocky Mountains, where it was rumored that an inland sea, with fertile lands bordering it, awaited their coming, and where they could build up an empire outside of the jurisdiction of the United States. Stenhouse, 1873. How is the USA better than Canada or Europe? Why did Mormons leave their settlement in Ohio and move west?a.The valley where they settled had frequent floods.b.Their social and religious beliefs clashed with those of other settlers.c.They were frequently attacked by Native Americans.d.They wanted to separate from the United States. In search of a new home Religious persecution. The main church distanced itself from these groups and began to promote the mainstream American view of monogamous families. One of these groups was the religious group, the Mormons. Nauvoo during the Mormon period (1839 - 1846). How did you people who were alive in the 00's live and work without smartphones? What caused dissolution in the soviet union and what prevented that from occurring in the US? As the colonizer and founder of Salt Lake City, Brigham Young was appointed the territory’s first governor and superintendent of Indian affairs by President Millard Fillmore. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. On this day in 1846, Young abandoned Nauvoo and began leading 1,600 Mormons west across the frozen Mississippi in subzero temperatures to a temporary refuge at Sugar Grove, Iowa. In 1844, Smith ran for President of the United States but, by this time, there were several church members that had begun to question him. Plural marriage would become the faith’s most famous characteristic during the 19th century. After doing so they boarded ships and flooded overland trails. Lv 7. hace 1 década. In a series of church-sanctioned essays released in October of 2014, the Mormon Church acknowledged for the first time that Smith had between 30 and 40 wives during his time as leader. They moved into areas in large numbers, speculated on land and drove up prices, used block voting to control local politics and shut out the original settlers. 15 respuestas. Relevancia. Get an answer for 'Why did people move to the West in the 1800s?' They moved in with large numbers, used block voting to sway local elections, drove up land prices and used speculation to make it hard for locals. While he was awaiting trial, an armed mob of men with painted faces stormed the jail and shot him and his brother Hyrum to death. To move somewhere safer are different and even killed for their beliefs the purpose of the the. Continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869 leaders thought they 'd far! 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