Program Notes for Dec 13, 2008 Seth Lachterman J. S. Bach — Weihnachts-Oratorium (1734) S.248 (The Christmas Oratorio) German music, especially northern liturgical music, seems to have a deserved reputation of being cerebral, contemplative, and rather somber. Bach, therefore, celebrates with the maximum of musical ceremony, recalling the trumpets and drums. The original text, a denunciation of lust and the serpents of sin, now becomes a call to action----prepare yourself Zion, to behold the fairest. Then comes a vibrant and rhythmically irresistible tenor aria with violin duet. Equally convincing is the fact that all of the opening choruses are in three—an understood symbol of the Holy Trinity—and the oratorio commences and concludes in D major. 8�CD�wFB��"�%�vjC-Z��j���p��tX��#F�Ģ���Z��c:�t�&K*'#�!W�3:��;� �CD�e��.V�c�!A߻�u���5T$?FA�vh�iS�Ӧ���O^#���${�Daz���ٱ�p�Fgg�Tz�,\Y.�"D���p�.�B��k�YU�"|��$n��� ��V��T�S� �p�~���+�P�敉�!���{�i��pO���0=�ma����&}�r\&����9��-%��h�39�F��t���v�#����Fбݒ�>�~�Q��Ϡ�5��{&��ڤg �B'26��3���~�b~X�(�Xe&*� �;��Ni ��0���-�ID+5��&�K��ҲѪ`g c�������r��a*F���B��Ba�XG]$�q��b�U��pD�`B�M88zP��:z� When Bach unveiled the Christmas Oratorio in the last week of 1734 and the first week of 1735, each of the constituent cantatas was offered on a different day during the thirteen-day span that Lutherans recognize as the Feast of Christmas. PART V Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen The Christmas Oratorio begins and ends, significantly, with the Passion chorale, much in the manner of many nativity paintings of the period that show in the background a little sapling growing which is meant to be the tree from which the cross will be made. �V������p�0p�}�,J� 0��C�- Bach’s Weihnachts-Oratorium, BWV 248 Bach’s Christmas Oratorio (OratoriumTempore Nativitatus Christi), a cycle of cantatas unified by the Christmas story, and like the St. Matthew and St. John Passions, narrated by an Evangelist, was first performed over six days (the first three days of Christmas, New Year’s Day, Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany) in … The Evangelist then paints the picture of the shepherds in the fields when the Angel of the Lord appears. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. The first of the three plainly harmonized chorales Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ, offers a summation of what the shepherds have been told. Bach, and many cantatas. See program notes and a translation of the Christmas Oratorio from the BSO. Johann Sebastian Bach put together his Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, sometime in the fall of 1734 for the coming Christmas season. ���c� He borrowed the music for the opening chorus from another cantata, but forgot and copied the old words into the score, which he then had to cross out. The two horns give a peaceful, otherworldly quality to the opening chorus, a paraphrase from BWV 213. In this “Musical Notes with T. Herbert Dimmock,” learn about J.S. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. PART IV Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben The compiler of the libretto remains unknown, but most scholars believe that Christian Friedrich Henrici (under the pseudonym Picander), a German poet and the librettist for many of Bach’s Leipzig cantatas, probably gathered and arranged the texts. Evangelista: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (B minor) 3. shipping: + $4.00 shipping . The opening chorus begins with the drums and is followed up by a mighty rush with the strings and winds to the dazzling entrance of the trumpets. After more narration and a chorale setting, Bach abandons the Wise Men, and in the tenor recitative and aria again concentrates on the treachery of Herod. Program Notes – Christmas Oratorio The Christmas of 1734-35 must have been a very busy one for the musicians of Leipzig. The Evangelist tells of the coming of the Wise Men, while the chorus takes the part of the Wise Men with tropes by the alto describing our reaction to them. 5 0 obj The final chorale brings back the radiant horns to close this wonderful, rich work. These words are encapsulated in the following turba chorus, less fully orchestrated and even shorter than the first. With the four oboes as shepherds accompanied by flutes and strings as the heavenly choir of angels, the gently undulating dotted rhythms shape a lush, pastoral effect. christmas oratorio oratorio de noel vocal score Nov 18, 2020 Posted By William Shakespeare Media TEXT ID a478a27f Online PDF Ebook Epub Library the top suppliers of woodwind brass and orchestral strings across sussex and are print and download oratorio de noel christmas oratorio alternate accompaniment sheet WINTER LIGHTS BACH'S CHRISTMAS ORATORIO, PART V & CANTATA 153 Sunday, January 5 at 4 p.m. Church of the Redeemer, 5603 N. Charles Street, Baltimore PURCHASE TICKETS Plan Your Visit FULL PROGRAM: Bach’s Christmas Oratorio Part V: Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen Bach’s Cantata 153: Schau, lieber Gott, wie meine Feind Albinoni’s The unsophisticated, yet beautiful chorale Brich an, o schönes Morgenlicht contemplates the child’sradiance. Together, these six cantatas comprise the Christmas Oratorio as it was never performed under Bach’s direction. The Evangelist then describes the infant Jesus in the manger. Bach had composed virtually all of his cantatas when he came to assemble the Christmas Oratorio. The alto then sings an aria with violin describing Mary’s innermost feelings of the miracle of the birth. A … Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. The third cantata completes the narrative wherein the shepherds and others hasten to the manger, extolling Jesus’ powers. From Christmas Day to Epiphany in the 18th century, the town of Leipzig celebrated the birth of Jesus and the events surrounding it not with a single feast day, but with a "season"—six special commemorations occurring between Christmas Day and the Feast of the Epiphany; the birth of Jesus (December 25), the announcement to the shepherds by a host of angels (December 26), the adoration of the baby by the shepherds (December 27), the circumcision and naming of Jesus (New Year’s Day), the coming of the Magi from the East to find the child "born King of the Jews" (the Sunday after New Year’s Day), and finally the Magi’s worship with their gifts (January 6). This is the only one of the six cantatas not to begin with a celebratory chorus but with an expansive sinfonia. The little four-voice recitative is thirty seconds of magic and leads into the astonishing final chorus, a triumphant trumpet-and-drum affair in which is imbedded the Passion chorale. PART VI Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben Ms. Callahan has performed Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with J. Reilly Lewis and the Washington Bach Consort and previously has been engaged by them in Washington and in Germany to sing Bach’s Missae Breves and Mass in B Minor, the Magnificats of J.S. Cantata for the second day of Christmas. It is an unconventional oratorio for rather than following the pattern of Italian oratorios, as he did for Introduction by Ryan Turner The soprano chorale returns with the bass recitatives. Surrounded by two oboes d’amore, the alto recitative expresses contentment with the impending birth, leading us to the first aria, a paraphrase from BWV 213, a cantata originally composed for the House of Saxony. 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Simon Heighes’s informative note emphasises the devotional, rather than concert, nature of the Christmas Oratorio, and this is the key to Christophers’s interpretation. %PDF-1.5 The bass, backed by emphasizing woodwind chords, brings a reminder of the ancient promise. �%[�eU/����m'u�Ŏcp,��dЖE� :c� x��]�%E����n wv�E�^�i��V$&~��7�O($&���bUWWթ����;B��[��>�s����,�>/�?��o�?��oC�����/����~8�����a��������7��1����۳J=�u�OS! The opening chorus is repeated to close the cantata. BACH Christmas Oratorio. Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. W�;�����03�?k+ů$;�b��x9i#jP�EP�> A rather lengthy contemplative section follows. The six services of the Christmas season 1734–35 where the oratorio's … Bach: Program Notes from Mark Shapiro. NOTES. They all bear little signs that say “Genius at Work.” Things get complicated. It moves from the sheer ecstasy of Jesus’ arrival to his personal and private adoption within the human heart. %��y��݁��m����2���1�d��(ERhMQ���į�H!1���#��o3�Ȋ�$�=��}8���/��Q����t�����R�K�5e��OPď�뮔�n�N�/����S$| On each of these six days, Bach’s congregation heard a cantata that recounted one of these stories commenting and reflecting upon events and their meanings for the Christian individual and the larger community. CHRISTMAS ORATORIO by J.S. For all of its simple, almost popular quality, the relationship between the obbligato, the voice, and the echo (the voice of humankind) is complicated and unpredictable. The movement that follows for bass soloist and the sopranos of the choir is among one of the most interesting movements in the entire cantata canon of Bach. <> Unlike the Passion settings and the oratorios of Bach's exact contemporary Handel, the six parts … Program Notes. Only 6 left in stock - order soon. �8�2�,�r3��-����'�$\�+E =l�gCP��(A��SPr���r{����%�Iu��T�iއ���C�1E��^�������*Y*� Darzu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes (For this the Son of God appeared), BWV 40, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach.He composed it in 1723, his first year in Leipzig, for the Second Day of Christmas, and first performed it on 26 December that year in both main churches, Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche.It was the first Christmas cantata Bach composed for Leipzig. All but one end with a chorale but there is no homogeneity in their presentation, ranging from the unadorned four-part setting of the fifth to the resplendent, chorale/fantasia of the sixth. Motets & Liturgical Works Notes & Translations. The festival of Epiphany, the traditional twelfth day of Christmas, completes the narrative of the Wise Men and the revelation of the arrival of the savior to the world. The Carmel Bach Festival will present Bach’s Christmas Oratorio as the composer intended, performed in multiple concerts on different days, rather than in a single performance. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. It begins with an energetic chorus. 3 / 20 min —INTERMISSION 20 MINUTES— BACH Christmas Oratorio, Cantatas 4, 5 and 6 / 75 min. PART III Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen The opening chorus has a complexion that is both passionate and vertiginous, going in one direction then veering off unexpectedly in another, as befits the text, which is concerned with the treachery of Herod. The choruses are jubilant and often feature brilliant and festive orchestration. Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. In fact many of the movements are paraphrases from two earlier secular cantatas dating from 1733, the year before he produced the Christmas Oratorio: Laßt uns sorgen, laßt uns wachen~ Hercules at the Crossroads, BWV 213 (composed for the 11th birthday of Friedrich Christian, Prince Elector of Saxony) and Tönet, ihr Pauken! One of Bach’s typically energized bass lines suggests determination while the flowing flute and violin melody intimates a flurry of activity. Maestro Dimmock takes you into the music to deepen your appreciation and understanding of this cheerful work. The concluding chorale, short and symmetrical, is almost rustic in character, and its message somewhat stark. The following chorale again represents the congregation’s reaction, picturing the untarnished adoration of the infant before inevitable human sinful thoughts and actions manifest themselves. The Evangelist tells of the shepherds making their way to Bethlehem. Instead the format is that of a cantata. Bach composed the Christmas Oratorio in 1734. Coro, Sixteen Productions 2003 / B000QZUSBK Johann Sebastian Bach … �@�8�4n����Q��36�bh�¿;��k��c��B%���c �ѭ�Q� Program Notes: J.S. PLAYLIST MUSIC TRACK J.S. It is serious, direct, and delivers an authoritative message of great significance. F005 Bach Christmas Oratorio Janowitz Richter 3LP Archiv DGG 2722 024 Stereo. Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). The section ends with Vom Himmel hoch, this time accompanied by motives from the opening sinfonia. This evening’s performance compresses these six days and their … by Bach | Jan 1, 1980. Notice how the flute hovers above the alto voice like a halo. However, one might point to the unifying aspect of the same chorale used in the first and last cantatas. The program also includes … The Evangelist continues to describe Herod’s hysteria. Bach recycled material from two secular cantatas composed in the previous year: Sound, you drums! In that year they first performed Johann Sebastian Bach’s Weinachts-Oratorium (Christmas Oratorio). Join us for the grand finale of Bach’s six-part Oratorio as the Minnesota Chorale celebrates the naming and adoration of the Christ in the last three passionate cantatas of this soaring, sacred work. Two short recitatives act as a bridge to the first aria of the cantata, the first accompanied by strings and the second by the oboe choir. The rich, imaginative harmonizations of the ten chorales reflect the voice of the people, as they were hymn tunes mostly well known to Bach’s congregation. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, completed around Christmastime of 1734, is not an oratorio in the usual sense. Thursday, January 14, 2020 at 8 p.m. on YouTube & Facebook Christmas Oratorio Part III Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248/III Although collectively the individual movements of the Christmas Oratorio form a continuous musical account of the Christmas story, Bach did not conceive the oratorio as one uninterrupted work, in the manner of Handel’s oratorios, but rather as six separate cantatas to be performed on six separate occasions - the three days of Christmas (25 th, 26 th and 27 th), New Year’s Day, the Sunday after New … Although we think of it as a single work composed of six cantatas, Bach presented the individual cantatas one at a time over the period between Christmas and the Feast of the Epiphany. The opening chorus of the Christmas Oratorio is a paraphrase, taken from the secular birthday cantata for Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland and Electress, BWV 214 , from which Bach subsequently parodied a number of movements for the oratorio. The Christmas Oratorio parades 64 arias, choruses, and recitatives past its audience. J.S. The shepherds retreat, praising God for what they have witnessed. However, Bach’s congregations would have been familiar with it as it exists in previously heard cantatas, most notably BWV 135. Next comes the stunning and popular "echo" aria for soprano and oboe, another paraphrase from BWV 213. The following trio takes a curious stance when the soprano and tenor ask when the messiah will appear; the alto quiets them and announces that he already has. Cantata for Epiphany. Cantata for New Year/Feast of the Circumcision. The first and final chorales of the oratorio are a setting of the Passion chorale, which we usually associate with Lent. College Park, MD— The UMD Symphony Orchestra and UMD Concert Choir, under the direction of Edward Maclary, explore the meaning of life and loss in Brahms’ German Requiem Friday, November 14 at 8pm in The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center’s Dekelboum Concert Hall. The text for the original chorus called upon drums, trumpets and strings to fill the air. Similar to the Matthew and John passions, it includes a tenor Evangelist who narrates the story of the birth of Christ as it appears in Luke 2:1–21 and Matthew 2:1–12. and C.P.E. After the Evangelist tells of Jesus’ name, we encounter a section of gorgeous recitatives by the bass, with the sopranos of the choir intoning a chorale. Tanglewood Festival Chorus. Sheet music Bach: Christmas Oratorio (BWV 248) Vocal Score. Program. Bach Christmas Oratorio Symphony of Harmony and Invention / The Sixteen / Harry Christophers, cond. On each of these days Bach’s congregation was inspired by a cantata that recounted one of these stories, commenting and reflecting upon the events and their meanings for the Christian individual and community. u�(MT4$Dlt;k�ص��PΡ�����Ύ���m��i藕q��Bq�N��М��vٍ�:���a�Y���F I��*�4���'���k!�u׵%h"��C$�NJ�Dk1o����B�Z�>Z��uIF{��j]�ņ�O�5�*�,5�c[�'֙���BW6g������]���A�d��� pYUju��a�Kq+����o�v*����W%��l�Ur���XT�:j �x2O�)�%l�6#�Tj5e�]2j�mSQ��7��gm��� �����^�R�)���C�C�]�H����_t�����HU�Li�k�!�����>�p���٘c豦[�� ܃;��VZ���Bj������Ѫ�"T-&6"̴$00��bo��� ��&�vׂ�M@/�c�p�US},�dp/��c���@F G�퉍��:"��ִQX��^�'R�cP�à�a��B��S�_:RlCX��&Q��ɏ� F�.��0�b��!Ua� �iN`M"�@dR�c��ղͭP�V��F�+����X9��}@j>�3�jQ���%Y The final chorale is the only one in a minor mode and is, perhaps, the most potent of the hymn tunes used in the oratorio so far. Celebrate the Season. Individual cantata notes by Craig Smith, adapted by Ryan Turner, Emmanuel Music is the Ensemble-in-Residence at. Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, one of the composer’s most lavish musical achievements, comprises six cantatas that were written to be performed on consecutive feast-day mornings from the Nativity through Epiphany. While this section of the oratorio has the most modest orchestration, just two oboes d’amore in addition to the strings, it is one of the liveliest sections of the oratorio. Instead the format is that of a cantata. Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. Bach’s transformation of this material to wonderful and idiomatic Christmas music is a marvel. PART II Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend The Consort’s program notes are written by Bach scholar Daniel R. 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