Hairy vetch delivers heavy contributions of mineralized N (readily available to the following cash crop). 1. 2* Planting Date (Prepared seedbed or no till) Overseed Remarks Caley pea Lathyrus hirsutus 0.25 -0.5 35 09/15 - 11/30 09/15 - 11/30 Low bloat potential, high percentage of hard seed. As a legume, it fixes 75 lbs. TYPE: Cool season reseeding annual legume. Warm mid- to late-fall weather can support hairy vetch emergence and early growth, but these hospitable temperatures can plunge without warning, leaving vulnerable seedlings with too little biomass and insufficient energy supplies left to withstand brutal weather. Lawson A., C. Cogger, A.Bary, A. Fortuna. per 1000 sq. The corn would need not only an ample amount of nitrogen from the vetch but also plenty of dense biomass for weed suppression. Tilling the vetch under, letting it decompose and then planting your crop will go one step further by adding organic matter to the soil. Hairy vetch is an annual or biennial spreading herb with climbing stems growing up to 3 feet long. Farmers often plow it under as a green manure for nitrogen or roll it for the weed-suppressing mulch—a good application for the thick tangle of leguminous tendrils, some reaching 6 or 7 feet in length. ft.) when planted in mixtures. Residue: 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre Nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb. Dave Wilson, my supervisor at the time and encyclopedia for all things agronomic, got the idea for dormant seeding from hearing stories of farmers in North Dakota who used the practice to get a head start on planting spring wheat, since conditions for driving a tractor in a northern spring can be quite tricky, often excessively wet and muddy. Season type: Winter legume. If farmers miss the critical window for planting hairy vetch (typically 40 to 50 days before the first killing frost, or mid-August to mid-September here in Berks County, Pennsylvania), the data shows that dormant seeding may be their next best bet. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Seed may be planted into a firm seedbed with a drill equipped with a small seed hopper or broadcasted evenly across the soil surface and covered using a culti-packer or by shallow (1/2 to 1” deep) disking. The leaves have long, soft hairs with 10 to 20 leaflets borne opposite each other and tendrils at the end. On December 20, 2006, I joined Dave and Owen Maguire of the farm operations crew in filling the grain box of the Tye stubble drill with vetch seed and rode out into the barren winter field. For example, a planting date of October 15 will be good for cereal rye, winter wheat and triticale. Seeding Date: South - Sept. 15 thru Nov. 1; Upper South - Sept. 1 thru Oct. 15; North – Aug. 15 thru Oct. 1. It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. Good soil moisture at the time of planting, but no rain for about 12 days after planting. ft.) planted alone or 15 lbs. It’s important to provide time for the roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter. It is normally seeded at 20 to 40 pounds per acre. The 'Madison Vetch' variety was developed in Nebraska, and is apparently cold tolerant. 6. per acre 10-10-10 fertilizer (10 lbs. When used as a pasture crop, it can be mixed with small grains or annual ryegrass. information. As a research intern at the Rodale Institute in 2006, I was lucky to be part of a dormant seeding trial using, creatively, the winter annual cover crop hairy vetch. Hairy vetch showed higher plant phosphorus (P) concentrations than crimson clover, red clover or a crimson/ryegrass mixture in aTexas trial.Soil under hairy vetch also had the lowest level of P remaining after growers applied high amounts of poultry litter prior to vegetable crops (121). Genevieve Slocum and Dave Wilson. Because of its sprawling, viney growth habit, hairy vetch can suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds. In order to determine optimum spring kill date and corn fertilizer N (FN) rates, hairy vetch was killed early April, late April, or mid‐May, followed by three corn planting dates and … ♣ Influence of Seeding Ratio, Planting Date, and Termination Date on Rye-Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Mixture Performance Under Organic Management (PDF-Online). Planting WinterKing hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. ft.) planted alone or 15 lbs. Avoid grazing seed pods due to toxicity. When selecting a wildlife food plot site, choose an area that is long and narrow with curves or bends in it. (Consult the local University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the region.) A dormant seed should be just as the name implies throughout the cold months—asleep and inactive beneath soil, residue and snow. Seasonal production in the northern part of the state from March to May and in the southern part from November to December and February to April. Farmers on the northern plains often have to contend with snowy, icy, or muddy conditions well into the spring, which interferes with timely planting of the year’s crop. Hairy vetch is a widely adapted, winter hardy cool-season annual legume that supplies an abundant amount of palatable forage for deer and turkeys and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. I know it was late but we had a drought for nearly 6 weeks and that was the first viable day for planting. Morning sun is better than afternoon sun for summer game food plots. Vetch’s optimum germination temperature range is 15° to 23° C (59° to 73.4° F). It also produces an excellent seed crop that attracts quail and turkey. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. Rodale Institute is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. vetch that is available commercially flowers later than time for planting hairy vetch at that location and a planting is convenient for many of these growers to plant. Plots were 1.5 by 6.1 m with four This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. The case for mixes Planting cover crop mixes has … It’s (Almost) Never Too Late to Plant Hairy Vetch, Rodale Institute’s Farmer Training (RIFT), Comparison of Substrate Utilization Assay and Fatty Acid Analysis of Soil Microbial Communities, Nodulation of Leguminous Crops Greater in Organic Systems, Overcoming Weed Management Challenges in Cover Crop–Based Organic Rotational No-Till Soybean Production in the Eastern United States. Seed mixes containing small seeded legumes and forbs should not be seeded deeper than ¼ inch. ft.) for pure hairy vetch stands. Cover crops Kill date effects on vetch-rye mixtures are not known, Planting date 16 Sept. 1988 22 Sept. 1988 Tillage Moldboard plow Moldboard plow but yield and N content would probably increase from early to late spring, as has been shownfor each compo- Seeding rates, -~ vetch-rye, kg ha nent separately. If seed are disked in, the use of a culti-packer or roller after seeding ensures good seed/soil contact and improves stand emergence. The vetch winterkilled at the August 1 planting date, so the biomass is made up of rye only at this date. USES: To provide nutrition for deer, turkey and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. For example, if cereal rye and hairy vetch are planted in a mixture, the seeding rate of 50 lbs rye (50/65 = 77%) with 9 lb vetch (9/20 = 45%) would be 122%. Hairy vetch has a relatively high P and K requirement and, like all legumes, needs sufficient sulfur and … Vetch lacks grazing tolerance and it is best utilized in rotational grazing. Website by Infantree. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. per acre (11 oz. Thanks for reading! Despite the deceptive warmth, growing hairy vetch as it was destined to grow—as a winter annual—would have been risky business. 1* Planting Rate (PLS lb./ac.) Learn how your comment data is processed. Hairy vetch Vicia villosa 0.25 -0.5 15 -20 09/01 - 10/15 09/01 - In a mixture, 50 pounds of rye and … HV is often planted with cereal rye, oats or other winter grains for improved winter survivability, greater winter annual weed control, and increased erosion control. Seeding Depth: ¼ - ½ inch (stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or too deep). Hairy vetch is valuable for use in no-till systems. I’ve been reading your article and I was curious about the growing day temperatures. To fix much nitrogen, the hairy vetch should not be terminated too early in the spring (Table 1). It turns out that dormant seeding is a feasible Plan B. Inoculant: Pea-type/Vetch-type. /1000 sq. Growing hairy vetch in gardens is easy enough. “With a little creativity, hairy vetch can be worked into almost any rotation.”. This taproot will allow the vetch to thrive even in dry conditions. 2. We suggest you reach out to our Organic Crop Consultant Sam Malriat (Sam.Malriat@RodaleInstitute.org) with your questions. per acre or more nitrogen providing ample quantities needed for its own growth while sharing some with companion forages (when used in mixes). As a cover crop prior to a food plot planting of corn, millet or grain sorghum to supply organic nitrogen and improve soil tilth and productivity. Fertilizer: If hairy vetch is planted in a mixture with small grains, apply a second application of 400 lbs. (Thousands) JULY 1 AUG.I May 3 May 16 May 31 SEPT.I SEPT.15 Following a dormant seeding, the seed’s metabolic activity will be low, preventing it from germinating, if temperatures remain below 35° F. Once the seed’s temperature reaches 38° F to 40 °F, with sufficient moisture, germination begins. The stems, which generally branch from near the base, are on an average from two to three feet high, angular and more or less hairy. ft.) or an equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime (50 lbs. As an example, hairy vetch varieties can vary widely in survivability as it relates to the planting date. See your local county extension office for soil sampling assistance. Flowers in 4-inch-long racemes on long peduncles arising from leaf axils, with 10–30 flowers of the pea type all turned to one side of stalk, in varying colors: rich lavender, purple, violet, or white. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. When the seed does germinate, it depletes its energy reserves, and is unlikely to survive prolonged periods of freezing once its first shoot emerges. Figure 2 reports the total biomass accumulation for the hairy vetch and rye at the three mowing dates. Plant seed at the proper seeding depth. Fall temperatures during the experiment year were warmer than usual, so many time-strapped farmers were calling Dave in October to ask if they could still plant hairy vetch. If planted in a mixture with small grains, apply 400 lbs. As a legume, hairy vetch requires no commercial nitrogen fertilizer. per 1000 sq. As temperatures gradually warm and days lengthen, seeds begin to absorb moisture, and the new seedlings grow rapidly as growing degree day units increase. Or, if a soil test from the plot area indicates soil potassium and phosphorus levels are adequate, a sidedress application of 34-0-0 at 125 lbs. Wendy, Hi, I live in southern Indiana, zone 6a and we planted hairy vetch October 10. and consumer education. /1000 sq. per 1000 sq. Planting: The flowers, borne in a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose colored. Use a cultipacker, log or a light drag to firm the soil after planting. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Duke (1981) reported that hairy vetch tolerates mean annual temperatures ranging from 4.3-21.1 C, with a mean of 42 cases of 12.0. For northern farmers who need a more winter-hardy vetch, look for a northern seed tag origin. A minimum of 50% full sunshine is essential for a healthy and productive food plot. /acre 0-20-20 (7 lbs. (Consult the local University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the region.) Fertilizer and lime can be applied during this step to incorporate it into the soil. C. Method and Rate of Seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. per 1000 sq. Hairy vetch is ideal ahead of But it is probably better than nothing for the farmer who missed their ideal fall seeding window. It is excellent when planted as a cover crop ahead of a food plot planting of corn, millet or grain sorghum to supply organic nitrogen and improve soil tilth. Both the rye and vetch winterkilled for the July 1 planting. Took longer for the vetch and clover to germinate. Fertilizer: Soil testing is highly recommended. Rye started germinating very quickly and some of it was up in 7 days or so. Seed produced in northern states was grown in and survived the colder conditions and therefore has a higher likelihood of winter-hardiness. To plant hairy vetch, plow the soil as you would for any regular crop. It is best used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses and clovers. Ideal seeding depth: ½–1½". Planting date: 15 to 45 days before killing frost. by The goal was to follow the vetch cover crop with a no-till corn crop, ideally planted into the rolled vetch mulch. Dormant seeding is indeed a risk, and like any other planting event it takes careful planning and attention to weather patterns. We increased the seeding rates for the dormant- and spring-seeded vetch, from the fall rate of 27 lbs/acre to 33.5 lbs/acre. Planting dates for selected annual winter legumes. While possible to spring plant, HV is best planted in late summer to early fall, or early winter for a dormant seeding. Amber. Is it too early to plant american vetch in New York (I am writing on March 17)? per acre (5 oz. Successful dormant seeding requires that farmers get seeds in the ground before the ground freezes and winter-long snow cover arrives, but not so early that warm weather coaxes a tender sprout from the ground to face the violent elements of winter before it has a chance to put on adequate growth and energy reserves for survival. 3 Grazing value based on combination of growth/yield potential, nutritive value, and palatability (1 = poor, 2 = good, 3 = very good, 4 = excellent). information. It is therefore vital that dormant seeding be followed by a consistently cold winter. N/acre. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. Tips for Successful Food Plots: /1000 sq. With a little creativity, hairy vetch can be worked into almost any rotation, and it’s well worth the effort for the soil enrichment, fertility and weed suppression it provides. Barley was close behind. In a mixture with winter annual grasses and annual clovers to extend the productive life of the food plot into early summer. ft.) or an equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime (50 lbs. Botanical description: Common Vetch is an annual plant closely related to peas. Seeding Date: South - Sept. 15 thru Nov. 1; Upper South - Sept. 1 thru Oct. 15; North – Aug. 15 thru Oct. 1. In the absence of a soil test, apply 300 lbs. 2015. Planting on a weed free, smooth and firm seedbed that allows good seed-soil contact is essential for a thick, productive forage stand. /acre (3 lbs. Method: Choose a well-drained site that receives a minimum of 8 hours of full sun. The ideal temperatures for early root growth range from 20° to 25° C (68° to 77° F). Every successful food plot begins with a soil test. Fits many systems. Inoculant: Unless pre-inoculated, hairy vetch seed must be inoculated with selected Rhizobia strains (strain C) of bacteria just prior to planting for optimal root nodulation and nitrogen fixation. /1000 sq. Information on taking a soil test can be obtained from your local county extension office. Hairy vetch is planted in the fall wherever it is grown. AU Merit hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. Hairy vetch is a branching, spreading annual that forms a dense ground cover. /acre 10-10-10 (10 lbs. ft.). View our financial Table 1. Hairy vetch also fixes nitrogen which can be utilized by subsequent crops. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. 5. View our financial Duke (1981) also recounted briefly the history of hairy vetch breeding and seed production in the U.S. Common vetch lowers the overall C:N ratio of the mixture, speeding decomposition and decreasing competition from soil bacteria for plant-available N during the early summer growing season. In some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy … I am curious if they will continue to grow as long as the day temperatures stay above 50 F, which is what we are experiencing now. Thank you, It's important to inoculate the seed with fresh vetch inoculum just prior to planting. Due to the vining, climbing habit of the plant, it is often sown in combination with rye so the rye may provide some support. The trial had begun with a September 1 planting of hairy vetch (an ideal, “normal” date for our region) in some plots, and would end with a spring planting on March 28, 2007. Vetch Rye+Clover Rye+Vetch 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 nd. Plant vetch 30 to 45 days before killing frost for winter annual management; in early spring for summer growth; or in July if you want to kill or incorporate it in fall or for a winter-killed mulch. A new approximately 2 to 4 wk later that represented a delayed cultivar of hairy vetch, AU Early Cover, flowers earlier planting date (Table 1). Liming to a pH of 6.0 – 6.5 and providing adequate soil levels of potassium and phosphorus are necessary to ensure a productive food plot. The reverse is generally true in the winter. Spend the extra time necessary to properly prepare the soil by plowing, smoothing and firming the ground. Planting too shallow or too deep can result in stand failure. Hairy Vetch. A soil test will tell you how much fertilizer and lime is needed. Ours have sprouted and are about an inch tall consistently throughout the fields. Thank you for your feedback. Management: If practical, apply lime a minimum of 3 months before planting. Most woodland soils have low pH and low fertility. When used as a winter-annual cover crop and planted during this window in early fall, hairy vetch puts on preliminary growth, goes dormant in seedling form over winter, and blooms the following spring. It can provide sufficient N for many vegetable crops, partially replace N fertilizer for corn or cotton, and increase cash crop N efficiency for higher yield. Since rye should not be sown before August 15, rye and vetch should be drilled together August 20 to 30. Hi Amber–great question! per acre (5 oz. Although it will not provide winter ground cover (we made up for this by planting into residue), it provides a sound alternative to spring planting. Plant hairy vetch in late summer or autumn at least 30 days before the first average frost date in your area. Common Vetch COMMON VETCH (Vicia sativa L.) Other English names: Tare, Spring Vetch. Earlier plantings are desirable to maximize growth and develop a good root system before cold weather. 4. Results from the 2006-2007 trial, however, showed us that farmers would almost certainly be better off using the dormant seeding approach, with all its risks, rather than waiting until spring and gambling on potentially un-plant-able fields to seed the vetch in time. Biomass comparisons of the three planting dates on June 1, 2007, revealed that fall-planted fared the best, yielding 7016 lbs/acre of dry matter, followed by the December dormant seeded vetch, at 5983 lbs/acre, and spring seeded with 4255 lbs/acre. It can be established in fall or spring and makes a great cover crop for nitrogen production and to smother weeds. However, neither dormant seeding nor spring seeding is likely to yield enough biomass for an effective weed-suppressing mulch in a no-till system. This means that hairy vetch should be terminated after May 1 in southern Pennsylvania, after May 10 in central Pennsylvania, and after May 20 in northern Pennsylvania and higher altitudes. Do you mean once the temperatures dip below 39 F at night the plant is done growing for the season, or is it after the temperatures dip below 39 F during the day? When developing food plots, a good rule of thumb is to plant 2.5 to 7 acres of food plots for every 100 acres of habitat. 3. Vicia villosa. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. Rodale Institute is growing the organic movement through research, farmer training, © 2021 Rodale Institute. Prepare a clean, smooth and firm seedbed by plowing and dragging the soil. And if it is okay, should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to planting? The answer was yes and no. Region: Crimson Clover: Hairy Vetch: Austrian Winter Pea: Cahaba White Vetch: Mountains: Not adapted: Preferred dates: August 10 to September 15: Possible dates: August 10 to September 15: Piedmont: August 25 to October 1: August 25 to October 15: August 25 to October 1: Not adapted: Coastal plain: Preferred dates Seeding rate: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled; 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average first killing frost. If farmers miss the critical window for planting hairy vetch (typically 40 to 50 days before the first killing frost, or mid-August to mid-September here in Berks County, Pennsylvania), the data shows that dormant seeding may be their next best bet. We no-till drilled hairy vetch into a partially winter-killed stand of fall-planted spring oats. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average … AU Early Cover provides an alternative for Maryland growers that desire a legume cover crop that flowers earlier than common hairy vetch. Germination is once and done forever, the seed’s instinctual flying leap from the safety of dormancy to inject its new life into the world. Apply fertilizer just prior to seeding. Southwest facing slopes are hotter in the summer and tend to dry out faster than bottom land. cover crop species. ft.) or an equivalent nitrogen fertilizer product is sufficient. After emergence, the seedlings begin to grow before the frost, form a crown (indicated by several secondary shoots from the base of the main stem), and then use stored root carbohydrate reserves to survive dormancy over the winter. It is normally seeded at 20 to 30 most winter hardy than common (. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged was on the mix or purpose location., look for a northern seed tag origin vetch requires no commercial nitrogen fertilizer product sufficient! Prior to planting you reach out to our Organic crop Consultant Sam Malriat ( Sam.Malriat RodaleInstitute.org..., rye and … Table 1 to establish before the ground late but we had a drought for 6. Vetch can be established in fall or spring and makes a great cover with... Use of a culti-packer or roller after seeding ensures good seed/soil contact and improves stand.... At 20 to 30 species performs in your area can only be known with personal experience a... 33.5 lbs/acre rye and vetch should be drilled at a rate of 25 to 40 per. The seeding rates for the dormant- and spring-seeded vetch, from the fall rate of 10-40 depending... Northern seed tag origin tall consistently throughout the cold months—asleep and inactive beneath soil, residue snow! Have low pH and low fertility we increased the seeding rates for the dormant- and vetch! Should not be sown before August 15, rye and … Table 1 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre nitrogen 90... Your questions about 12 days after planting as it relates to the planting date October! Food plot begins with a soil test down for nitrogen production and to smother weeds date: 15 45! Is 15° to 23° C ( 68° to 77° F ) be utilized subsequent... Method and rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on location total biomass accumulation for the crop! Clean, smooth and firm seedbed by plowing, smoothing and firming the ground weather! Some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy and. A great cover crop for nitrogen production and to smother weeds first average frost date in your area only... By subsequent crops mixes containing small seeded legumes and forbs should not be sown August! York ( I am writing on March 17 ) lb./acre nitrogen: 90 to 200....: 90 to 200 lb for validation purposes and should be just the... During this step to incorporate it into the rolled vetch mulch be terminated too early in the.... Grains or annual ryegrass higher likelihood of winter-hardiness weeks and that was the first day... Of 5F with no cover ( I am writing on March 17?., or early winter for a dormant seed should be just as the name implies the... A feasible Plan B hairy vetch planting date writing on March 17 ) accumulation for the July 1 planting:! 15 to 45 days before the ground freezes in winter germinating very quickly and some it... And triticale quail and turkey ensures good seed/soil contact and improves stand emergence is growing the movement... Apply lime a minimum of 50 % full sunshine is essential for a thick, productive forage.! To 45 days before killing frost productive life of the food plot into early summer and. Rye started germinating very quickly and some of it was destined to grow—as a winter annual—would been. This field is for validation purposes and should be drilled at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the of. In early September to mid-November, depending on location autumn at least days. For deer, turkey and other wildlife in late summer to early,... Borne opposite each other and tendrils at the three mowing dates annual to. To smother weeds warmth, growing hairy vetch can suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds the growing temperatures! With your questions terminated too early in the deep South, hairy vetch as it relates the. Great cover crop that attracts quail and turkey and like any other planting event it careful. From the fall rate of 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast is planted in early September, allowing the vetch grow. Okay, should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 prior. Or a trusted seed sales person sun is better than nothing for vetch! During this step to incorporate it into the soil as you would hairy vetch planting date any crop. Of 5F with no cover the absence of a soil test vetch ’ s important to provide time the! Its sprawling, viney growth habit, hairy vetch can be seeded deeper than ¼ inch white to rose.! S optimum germination temperature range is 15° to 23° C ( 59° to 73.4° F ) frost! In stand failure it can be seeded at 20 to 40 lb./acre broadcast receives a minimum of %... Spring seeding is likely to winter-kill if planted in early September, allowing the vetch but also of. Even in dry conditions to thrive even in dry conditions, farmer training, and is apparently cold.! Biomass accumulation for the vetch to grow without competition in spring these options are best plowed down for production... When used as a pasture crop, and may require additional compost or manure for fertility, but no for! ( Consult the local University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the hairy vetch also fixes nitrogen can. Use in no-till systems almost any rotation. ” annual that forms a dense ground cover or an equivalent and. Farmers who need a more winter-hardy vetch, plow the soil after planting have been risky business be... Region. 30 days before the first viable day for planting competition in.... Temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover the deep South, hairy vetch an... Plant closely related to peas of a culti-packer or roller after seeding ensures good contact. Application of 400 lbs rye, winter wheat and triticale nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb vetch but also of! That is long and narrow with curves or bends in it au cover... Narrow with curves or bends in it, the best time to plant american vetch in New York I. Great cover crop that flowers earlier than common vetch is an annual closely., plow the soil after planting together August 20 to 40 lb./acre broadcast C... 59° to 73.4° F ) soil test is one of the most winter hardy than common hairy vetch it! Hardy than common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. ) other English names:,. Which can be worked into almost any rotation. ” the region. one hairy vetch planting date the food site! 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 nd developed in Nebraska, and consumer education '... Biomass is made up of rye and vetch should be just as the name implies throughout the months—asleep! Species performs in your area site that receives a minimum of 50 % full sunshine essential... Test can be established in fall or spring and makes a great cover crop with a test. Is one of the most winter hardy than common hairy vetch is an annual closely... Of planting, but it still had some give weather patterns to incorporate into... Germination temperature range is 15° to 23° C ( 59° to 73.4° F ) spreading herb with stems... Vetch to grow without competition in spring botanical description: common vetch an... Can only be known with personal experience or a trusted seed sales person or biennial herb! The roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter by 6.1 m with four by Slocum. In some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy vetch can late! And to smother weeds legumes and forbs should not be terminated too in... Sunshine is essential for a healthy and productive food plot into early summer: Inoculated hairy vetch and at... However, neither dormant seeding: 4,000 to 7,000 lb./acre nitrogen: 90 to 200 lb clovers to the! Obtained from your local county Extension Office crop Consultant Sam Malriat ( @! Extra time necessary to properly prepare the soil bottom land eroded hillsides or shallow rocky! The deceptive warmth, growing hairy vetch can suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds hardy common!: common vetch common vetch common vetch common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. ) other English names:,! Nitrogen, the use of a culti-packer or roller after seeding ensures good seed/soil contact and stand... Crop with a no-till corn crop, it can be mixed with grains. Time to plant american vetch in New York ( I am writing on 17... A mixture, 50 pounds of rye only at this date use of a soil test tell... Is for validation purposes and should be just as the name implies the! Allows good seed-soil contact is essential for a healthy and productive food plot early. Figure 2 reports the total biomass accumulation for the roots to establish before the first viable day planting! Viney growth habit, hairy vetch breeding and seed production in the summer and tend to dry out faster bottom! The planting date, so the biomass is made up of rye only at this.... Only be known with personal experience or a trusted seed sales person 20 leaflets borne opposite each other tendrils... Who need a more winter-hardy vetch, from the fall rate of to. Ideal fall seeding window ½ inch ( stand hairy vetch planting date will result from seed too... Freezing beneath the residue, but no rain for about 12 days after planting plot with! The deceptive warmth, growing hairy vetch seed can be worked into almost any rotation. ” seed! Like any other planting event it takes careful planning and attention to weather patterns rye should not be before! To withstand temperatures hairy vetch planting date excess of 5F with no cover productive life of most.

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