These Isaiah chapters are difficult for anyone to understand, but for the Book of Mormon to give us such brilliant and insightful commentary on these very difficult chapters is a most useful element of the book and a great testimony of the Book of Mormon itself. In 2 Nephi 25, Nephi prophesies of the fate of the Jews-their rejection of the Savior, their scatterings and scourgings, and their eventual repentance. We do not know what he told Isaiah. Getting through this large block of Isaiah material is notoriously challenging. 1 (2014): 107–109. Why Is the Book of Mormon So Focused on Jesus Christ? Many of Isaiah’s prophecies were short sayings, several of which have been combined into one long scrapbook of the words of Isaiah, which was only divided into chapters much later. So, in a way, every high priest under the Law of Moses was a “mashiach”—a messiah. 31 Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee. Nephi did not pin the date down precisely, but he did say that it would be “six hundred years from the time that [Lehi and his family] left Jerusalem.” In other words, Christ’s birth would be close enough to 600 years that people would have recognized that Jesus was the Messiah, and would have been convinced that there was no need to look for another. Isaiah, Jacob, and Nephi have each “seen” their Redeemer. We can be very grateful for that. in 2 Nephi 25 that they would be brought back so that the Lord could appear to them in Jerusalem. Nephi would have rejoiced in knowing that there is a plan, that the covenant of the Lord was still firm, that his arm was outstretched, that his people were not going to be forgotten, and that even the isles of the sea would not be ignored. What does “after all we can do” mean? Does that mean that the Lord did not do a good enough job? For we labor diligently to write, to persuade our children, and also our brethren, to believe in Christ, and to be reconciled to God; for we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do.2 Nephi 25… I think this Isaiah passage was perhaps alluding to Psalm 22, which is one of David’s Messianic Psalms. Donald W. Parry and John W. Welch (Provo, UT: FARMS, 1998), 19–45. The irony is that we all know we can’t lie to God. 2 Nephi 31: 19-20: “And now, my beloved brethren, after ye have gotten into this strait and narrow path, I would ask if all is done?Behold, I say unto you, Nay; for ye have not come thus far save it were by the word of Christ with unshaken faith relying wholly upon the merits of him who is mighty to save. How did people living in ancient times determine whether or not a witness was telling the truth? Nephi will then interpret these Isaiah passages in 2 Nephi 25–30, following this same four-stage pattern. The scourging of the Jews for many generations (v. 16) was prophesied earlier by Zenos (see 1 Nephi 19:13). 13 For ahe saith: By the strength of bmy hand and by my wisdom I have done these things; for I am prudent; and I have moved the borders of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man; 14 And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people; and as one gathereth eggs that are left have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped. . Moroni. Nephi is doing this on purpose, because “by the words of three, God hath said, I will establish my word.” Nephi is probably thinking of Deuteronomy 17:6 or 19:15 that requires that “at the mouth [or by the words] of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.” This was a well establish point of Jewish law (see 2 Corinthians 13:1). In the ancient world, the people greatly appreciated the importance of what we call “name theology.” We do not have quite the same appreciation today. The whole world will have that knowledge. Nephi included new information here that had not been mentioned before in the Nephite record, specifically he prophesied that after Jesus was laid in a sepulcher for the space of three days, he would rise from the dead. Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide. He says that he will liken these words unto his own people and send them forth because Isaiah “verily saw my Redeemer, even as I have seen him, and my brother, Jacob, also has seen him as I have seen him.” This produces three witnesses: Isaiah, Nephi, and Jacob. Copyright 2021 Book of Mormon Central: A Non-Profit Organization. Additional Book of Mormon Study Resources. Isaiah would be prophesying at a time when Israel would be destroyed. 25–26), How long will they not understand? [where] the Lord speaks directly to the heart with a different message. I doubt that they had charcoal briquettes or even coal. The root prophecy could be looking forward to another time or another person who will eventually bring these two lineages together. The writings of Isaiah are puzzling for all modern readers, but the fact that Isaiah’s complicated overall scheme goes hand in hand with Nephi’s world-view adds additional credence to Nephi’s testimony that he and Isaiah were talking about the same things. He might be through a collateral ancestral line. Simply put, if we are obedient, we will prosper, and if we are disobedient, we are cut off from the Lord. However, for the ancient Israelites, the opening lines of many of the Psalms were a lot like the opening lines of our hymns. Why Must Christ’s True Church Be Called after His Name? It may have been a piece of burning wood. What are the Roots of Zenos’s Allegory in the Ancient World? (2 Nephi 25:23) 4. Although many people interpret our phrase in 2 Nephi 25:23 with little or no attention to what follows, the literary context demands a connective reading. But Nephi was living before all of this occurred. What made them wonder? 5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is atheir indignation. Christ’s Apperance The Messiah Verses 11 - 20. Is not Samaria as cDamascus? (2 Nephi 25:26),” KnoWhy 484 (November 13, 2018). They would have also observed certain festival days such as the Day of Atonement or the Feast of Tabernacles, which were connected particularly with particular sacrifices and solemn observances. How Did God Call His Prophets in Ancient Times? “Wo unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the Lord!” Isaiah said. It reminds me of Enoch’s doubts when he was called as prophet. Two “wings” covered their faces, two covered their feet, and two were used to fly. Among the many biblical prophecies that Moroni spoke to Joseph Smith, words in Isaiah 11 (2 Nephi 21) were declared to be “about to be fulfilled.” Isaiah 11 speaks of “the stem of Jesse,” “a rod [or branch] that will come out of the stem of Jess,” and a “root of Jesse.” D&C 113:1–6 explains that the stem of Jesse refers to Jesus Christ. . Book of Mormon Central, “Where Did Joseph Smith Get His Ideas about the Physical and Spiritual Gathering of Israel? 34 And he shall cut down the thickets of the forests with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one. 2 Kgs. Basically, the king of Assyria was given a command by the Lord to "take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets" ( 2 Nephi 20:6 ), meaning to be the nation that attacks Israel. Jeffrey M. Bradshaw and David J. Larsen, In God’s Image and Likeness 2: Enoch, Noah, and the Tower of Babel (Salt Lake City, UT: The Interpreter Foundation and Eborn Books, 2014), 36: “Obvious similarities with the calls of Moses and Jeremiah present themselves in this verse. Think about being desperately in need of that kind of comfort. In chapters 19 and 20, the historical setting still involves the Assyrian conflict of 736 to 701 BC. The vineyard represented the world. (2 Nephi 25:4),” KnoWhy 47 (March 4, 2016). Nephi was the custodian of all of that! That tells us something more about Nephi, doesn’t it? The Lord asked, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?” Isaiah answered the call, “Here am I; send me.” As recorded in Abraham 3:27, this is identical to the words spoken by the Savior in the premortal council as He accepted the call to perform the Atonement as Savior of mankind: “Here am I, send me.” Isaiah was willing to make whatever sacrifice was necessary to fulfill his calling as prophet. From this remnant will come a “seed” or the promised Messiah, who will bring life back all-together (to all people). 28:21 (20–21). Blake T. Ostler, “The Throne-Theophany and Prophetic Commission in 1 Nephi: A Form-Critical Analysis,” BYU Studies 26 no. 2 Nephi 25:19–20, 26 — The Name of Jesus Christ. He did not say the Messiah, so Nephi may have wanted to clarify this matter. Here, Isaiah knew that the Lord would have to set his hand a second time to gather them “from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.” Nephi speaks of this gathering of Israel both in physical and also in spiritual terms. What does it mean to “be reconciled” to God? 2 Nephi 28 . This was a foreshadowing of the three nights and days of darkness when Jesus would be crucified, would die, and would lie in the tomb. 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