Modernized like her half-sister Kirov between 1952 and 29 October 1955, she was renamed Slava on 3 August 1957 after Vyacheslav Molotov fell out of favor with Nikita Khrushchev. The Voroshilov machinery however was built on the same plans, in Kharkiv. The Kirov class were the largest surface warships built since the end of World War II. Project 1144.2 Orlan Kirov class Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered) In December 2011 it was reported that the Russian Defense Ministry was planning to … They entrusted the Italians, who at the time enjoyed a certain technical and design prestige compounded by many export successes. This was a mobilization class with 7 ships ordered for the first batch, laid down in 1938-40. Damaged by a number of shell hits while off-loading troops on 29 December, she was still able to take 600 wounded when she departed. Only the first five were launched in 1940-41. So Soviet Russia was never tied to the treaty’s restrictive clauses. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Gorky and Molotov mounted Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults of roughly comparable performance, but were destined never to use them for lack of suitable aircraft. Kirov followed her to Tallinn at the end of the month, after being lightened to pass through the shallows of Moon Sound. A development of Rheinmetall German 3.7 cm (1.5 in) sold before Hitler arrive to power in 1933, they were an adapted sub-version of the antitank 53-K. The Gorkiy was completed in Ordonikidze Yard in November 1940 and the Molotov in June 1941. So they even never met a 10,000 ton displacement fully loaded, let alone standard. A total of 96 KB or 164 Model 1912 mines could be carried by the first pair of ships. It should be noted that USSR also had the heavy cruiser Tallin in service by 1943, a former German heavy cruiser of the Hipper class, Lützow. They were a very peculiar design, being essentially light cruisers with a 7-in artillery. Main battery fire control radars were the British Types 284 and 285 while anti-aircraft fire control was provided by the Type 282 radar. [4] Their single rudder meant that they were not very maneuverable. Traverse bulkheads were 50 mm (2.0 in) as well as the decks. As finalized, Pyotr Velikiy displaced 24,300 tons under standard load and 28,000 tons under full load. These B-1-P guns fired a 97.55-kilogram (215.1 lb) shell at 900–920 m/s (3,000–3,000 ft/s) muzzle velocity. Three series of ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the Italian Condotierri class. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. The power-plant was also revised and produced 129,500 hp but with an unchanged top speed of 35 knots. Commissioned before or during the war, they saw heavy action and were scrapped in the 1960s and 70s. Molotov was defending the Black Sea. A 20-millimetre (0.79 in) box protected the steering gear and a number of control positions were protected against splinters: 14 mm (0.55 in) for the torpedo control station, 8-millimetre (0.31 in) for main-battery fire control and secondary gun shields, 7 mm (0.28 in) for the secondary-battery control position and the auxiliary command station had 25-millimetre (0.98 in) sides and roof. https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=515 http://navsource.narod.ru/photos/02/066/index.html http://wio.ru/fleet/ww2cruiser.htm https://www.world-war.co.uk/russia/kirov.php33d view (WT)laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Your email address will not be published. She remained there for the rest of the Winter War and afterwards was under repair at Kronstadt from October 1940 to 21 May 1941. Two ships each were deployed in the Black and Baltic Seas during World War II, while the last pair was still under construction in the Russian Far East and saw no combat during the war. The Soviet Navy did not existed in 1922 and never was admitted to the Washington naval conference. Kirov Class Battlecruiser During the Cold War, the Soviets built the Kirov, the largest and most powerful post-WWII surface ship in the world and it retains that distinction even today. The Italians guaranteed that the cruiser could make 37 knots (69 km/h; 43 mph) on trials if the size was kept under the 7200-tonne limit. The Project 26bis ships (Gorkiy class) carried the same turrets with with improved 21-K mounts. Due in part to its size, Kirov is designated by some as a battle cruiser. This second class was closely modelled after the previous Kirov. 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The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. She spent most of the next month under repair, although her bow could not be straightened which reduced her speed by several knots. Elevation reached 85° and depression -10°. Metal or paintable plastic nameplate for: Пётр Великий (Peter the Great) [15] She sailed to Riga on 22 October 1940 when the Soviet Union began to occupy Latvia; the following day she sailed for Liepāja. She was reclassified as a training cruiser on 3 August 1961 and deployed to the Mediterranean during 5–30 June 1967 to show Soviet support for Syria during the Six-Day War. However in April German rail artillery and field artillery added their weight to the Luftwaffe, and the cruiser underwent a real hell in April. The ships had some differences in sensor and weapons suites: Kirov came wit… Nameplates. [13], Kirov was commissioned into the Baltic Fleet in the autumn of 1938, but was still being worked on into early 1939. They were only slightly longer at 191.4 m (627 ft 11 in) overall and had a deep draft of 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in) at full load. This was planned much like Kirov's refit, although her displacement was to increase 1,000 tonnes (984 long tons) from torpedo bulges, with consequent penalties to her speed and range. The loss of three destroyers to German aircraft attempting to interdict the German evacuation of the Taman Bridgehead on 6 October 1943 caused Stalin to forbid the deployment of large naval units without his express permission and this meant the end of Voroshilov's active participation in the war. It still served until the 60s. The first cruisers to bear the name were not only the first Soviet ‘heavy’ cruisers, but also the first designed on a fresh base, contrary to the previous Kavkaz and Chervona Ukrainia completed in the interwar but based on pre-war Russian designs of the Svetlana class. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. Lend-Lease radars equipped most of the other ships. Secondary armament The secondary armament comprised six 100-millimetre (3.9 in)/56 B-34 anti-aircraft guns in single mounts under masks. Tw… Their turbines proved to be slightly more powerful than those of the Project 26bis ships and propelled them at 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) on trials. The Navy reevaluated the scope of the work in 1955, deemed it insufficient to create a fully modern ship, and suspended the refit. The tertiary armament comprised four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun. Both cruisers were completed in 1938 (Kirov) and 1940 (Voroshilov), and their AA armament strengthened during the war, before 1944 ten 37 mm mounts were added, replacing the slowed 45 mm batteries. Light AA guns initially consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm 21-K AA guns with 600 rounds per gun and four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun, but were significantly increased in service. [9], The Project 26 ships were fitted with the Molniya fire control system for their main guns which included the TsAS-2 mechanical computer and the KDP3-6 director. Required fields are marked *. [6], Shortly after Kirov was launched in 1936, the two Project 26bis ships were laid down. This overweight was the result of a revision of armor. This proved a colossal burden, and it will be much reinforced thereafter, up to 7880 tons and even 7970 on the Voroshilov, 1/8 increase. Molotov and Kaganovich replaced their launchers with the more-modern 1-N mount during the war. The Kirov class cruiser (Project 26) cruisers were six vessels built between 1935 and 1944 for the Soviet Navy: the Soviet cruiser Kirov, Soviet cruiser Voroshilov, Soviet cruiser Maxim Gorky, Soviet cruiser Molotov, Soviet cruiser Kalinin, and the Soviet cruiser Kaganovich. Twenty large BB-1 and thirty small BM-1 depth charges were carried although no sonar was fitted for the Project 26 and Project 26bis ships. Endurance was 2,140 nm (Kirov) to 4,220 nautical miles and 4,860 mi at 18 knots. The Soviet TB-7 geared turbines proved to be more powerful and more economical than the originals. Air defense is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with 96 missiles and a pair of Osa-MA batteries with 20 missiles each. Another problem was that the Italian design had to be adapted to use the Soviet preference for a mix of longitudinal framing for the hull framing amidships and transverse framing for the ends, while also reinforcing the hull structure to withstand the more-severe weather conditions that the Soviets commonly encountered. The Kirov class is the largest missile cruiser ever developed. She was sold under provisions of the Germano-Soviet pact in 1939 and renamed Petropavlovsk. Designed during the Admiral Gorshkov managed naval buildup late in the Cold War, the Kirovs were meant to take on United States Navy aircraft carrier battle groups attempting to penetrate the Soviet defenses in the … Converted to a floating barracks on 6 October 1972, she was briefly redesignated as PKZ-19 before being sold for scrap on 2 March 1973. Her trials were a disappointment as her Italian-built turbines initially had minor defects, and she was 1 knot (1.9 km/h; 1.2 mph) slower than guaranteed. [24], This article is about the Kirov class of light cruisers. [17], Gorky had a new bow section fabricated in Kronstadt and it was mated with the ship on 21 July. These Heinkel K-12 catapults were purchased in 1937 and could traverse 360°. [3], The Project 26 class ships were 191.3 m (627 ft 7 in) long overall. Voroshilov had SPN-200 directors, but the Project 26bis ships used the Gorizont-2 system. Your email address will not be published. They provided plans of their latest design, the Raimondo Montecuccoli-class cruisers to be studied. The Kirov class is a cruiser of Soviet origin. On board aviationAuthor’s illustration of the Beriev-2 KOR-I. Its total height was 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in), of which 1.33 m (4 ft 4 in) was below the designed waterline. The Kirov originally become operational in 1980, with her sister ships following about every four years aside from the last in her lineage, Peter The Great, … The normal oil capacity was between 600 to 650 tonnes (591 to 640 long tons), but the ships varied widely in the amount of oil carried at full load; this ranged from 1,150 to 1,660 tonnes (1,132 to 1,634 long tons). The Story of the Kirov Class: The Kirov class were the first and only Soviet modern “heavy†cruisers built before and serving during the war. The machinery for Kirov was shipped from Italy (being diverted from the contract for the Italian cruiser Eugenio di Savoia). She was sold for scrap on 4 April 1972. Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser Admiral Nakhimov Back in the Water The upgraded Kirov-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" (Project 11442M) left the pool of Sevmash Shipyard and berthed at the embankment for systems fitting out, the enterprise said on 18 August. The catapults, however, were removed from all ships by 1947. A name made even more famous at the peak of the cold war in the 1980s with the arrival of a class of giant missile battlecruisers. Also known as PROJECT 1144 Orlan, the Kirovs are Soviet / Russian "Heavy Nuclear-Powered Guided Missile Cruisers… 9 x 180 mm (3×3), 6 x 100 mm, 6 x 45 mm AA, 4 x 12,7 mm, 6 x 533 mm TTs (2×3), 3 airplanes. The next class, the Chapayev, was started in 1938-39. Orlan-class cruisers of project 1144 are a symbol of the Soviet Navy and a good example of protracted design and specification of technical projects. They were placed abaft the rear turret, a well open space. This was probably a weight-saving measure applied during construction. Kirov Class (Peter the Great) project 1144.2 heavy missile cruisers are designed to engage large surface targets. Kirov X & Y turrets stunning photo -scr Src wio.ru. Pyotr Velikiy carries some S-300FM missiles and is the only ship in the Russian Navy capable of ballistic missile defence. Provision for each gun was 100 rounds, so 900 total and even more in the initial paper project. And they were of Italian design. They had a launch capacity of 2,750 kg (6,060 lb), the plane being thrown up to 125 km/h (78 mph). They displaced 7,890 tonnes (7,765 long tons) at standard load, and 9,436 tonnes (9,287 long tons) at full load. Each received a provision of 325 rounds per gun. She was sold for scrap on 12 April 1963. That was hardly the selling point of the design: The weak Kirov’s scheme formed a boxed ‘raft’ around the vitals. Their superstructure diverged however with a simple conning tower on top of which was mounted the bridge and fire director, instead of a quadripod mast. Quite Italian-looking in their design, the Kirov and Voroshilov however had another singularity, their square prow. Range was 38,000 m (42,000 yd). Admiral Lazarev, the world’s largest nuclear cruiser, will be sent for disposal this August, according to the Russian Interfax news agency. Two more were completed by 1988; the fourth unit was not commissioned until 1998 due to a lack of funds for construction. She reprised her role as a transport during the first week of January. Kirov— Soviet promo premium Tier V cruiser. [20], On 23 June 1941, Voroshilov covered Soviet destroyers bombarding Constanţa, but the destroyer leader Moskva was sunk by a mine and Kharkov was damaged by return fire. [22], Molotov was commissioned just before the German invasion and spent most of 1941 moving from port to port to take advantage of her air warning radar, the first fitted in the Soviet Navy. The turret designer afterwards claimed it was even possible to fit three barrels instead of two, although solidarity. This was the main reason it delayed the start of construction until 22 October 1935 for Kirov, laid down at Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad and Voroshilov at Marti, Nikolayev, on 15 October 1935. Both flanks were closed by a waterline belt. Project 26bis2 used eight single 52-caliber 85 mm (3.3 in) 90-K guns, supplied with 300 rounds per gun. Kirov class Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered) The first surface warship with nuclear power (Project 1144 "Orlan") was undertaken in the mid-1960s, initially as … The voroshilov participated in various coastal bombing missions after June 1941, was badly damaged in October by bombers, was sent to Poti for repairs, and left in February 1942 to support the winter counter-offensive. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. They were followed by Kaganovich (June 1944) and Kalinin (1943), started both in 1939 at Komsomolsk. Her firing arcs were reduced in an attempt to mitigate the problem. The Kirov-class Admiral Nakhimov (pictured) is the first of Russia's 800ft-long battlecruisers to be fitted out with cutting-edge weaponry and sonar technology and should launch in 2019. The Soviet Union designated its Kiev-class and Kuznetsov-class ships as "aircraft-carrying cruisers" because these ships were armed with P-500 and P-700 cruise missiles, which also form the main armament of the Slava-class cruiser and the Kirov-class battlecruiser. The turrets were very small to fit them into the hull space available and were so cramped that their rate of fire was much lower than designed (only two rounds per minute instead of six). ID: Plastic cruiser gaming piece: Hipper class cruiser from the game Axis & Allies Europe 40-2nd Ed. Each director had a fully stabilized 3 m (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. They were therefore completed after the conflict in 1949-50. [5] Kirov and Voroshilov were fitted with a massive quadruped foremast, but this proved to restrict the view from the conning tower as well as the fields of fire of the 100 mm anti-aircraft guns and greatly increased their silhouette. [1], The Soviets bought an example of, and plans for, the machinery of the later Duca d'Aosta-class cruisers and had some difficulty in adapting the smaller hull for the larger and more-powerful machinery, so much so that it delayed the start of construction. The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. The Soviets borrowed the machinery of the later Duca d’Aosta-class cruisers on paper (nominal 10,000 hp) but struggled to fit these inside the smaller hull. Such twin turret was produced in 1933, and the chief Italian designer of Ansaldo guaranteed a speed of 37 knots within the 7200 tons limit. In May she supported Soviet troops around Kerch and the Taman Peninsula while helping to transfer the 9th Naval Infantry Brigade from Batumi to Sevastopol. The Kirov class cruisers were intended to destroy US Navy carrier battle groups In December 1977 the Baltic Shipyard in Leningrad launched the largest warship other than aircraft carriers built by any nation since World War II. The conning tower sides were 150 mm (5.9 in) with a 100 mm roof. A ‘tin-clad’ cruiser. The Kirov-class battle cruiser is a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. Post stamp showing the Kirov in 1953 (cc), The Kirov in the 1970s (unknown src – imgurl), Kirov class general appearance in 1941, author’s illustration. Similarly the deck edge was also tapered down to about 25 mm for its outermost 200 mm. She saw no action after completing her repairs due to Stalin's order. 2008 | New tool + Actions Stash. Military. But … After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. The guns were mounted in a single cradle to minimize space and were so close together that their dispersion was very high because the muzzle blast from adjacent guns affected each gun. The turret and barbette armour was also 50 mm thick. Kirov Class Cruiser . Bristling with sensors and weaponry, and seemingly alien … In fact the Kirov’s catapults were landed to carry more AA guns. Indeed, the Kirov burned .8 kg (1.8 lb) of fuel oil per hp, versus Kalinin’s 623 kg (1.37 lb) and the end result was 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials versus 122,500 shp (91,300 kW). After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. 6 Yarrow-Normand boilers, 113,000 hp on board aviationAuthor ’ s illustration of the Germano-Soviet pact in at... 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