/* Homepage, 728x90, created 4/3/09 */ google_ad_width = 728; This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. The German pocket battleships, or Panzerschiffe, struck fear into every navy in the world when they were developed and deployed in the 1930's. Luetzow was a hard luck ship, always running around or getting torpedoed, and missed many battles. [11] Deutschland was ordered to strictly observe prize rules, which required raiders to stop and search ships for contraband before sinking them, and to ensure that their crews are safely evacuated. Pocket battleship ‘Deutschland’ will be renamed to ‘Lützow’ and classified as a Heavy Cruiser in February 1940. Bad weather hampered her efforts, and she sank or captured only a handful of vessels before returning to Germany. The ship's wounded men were also evacuated in Gibraltar for treatment. Kongsdal later reported the encounter to the British Royal Navy and confirmed Deutschland as the raider operating in the North Atlantic. 100% Upvoted. Pocket-battleship Lützow under repair until April 1941. [34] Lützow inadvertently came alongside Sheffield and Jamaica, and after identifying them as hostile, engaged them, though her fire remained inaccurate. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed pocket battleships) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. What the Germans did was put two triple longrange 11" gun turrets on a 10,000 ton hull, and they did so by saving weight for the essentials, using electric welding and (in part) diesel engines. The first battlecruisers came from the Royal Navy. The Naval Institute Press is the book publishing arm of the U.S. [41] The historian Hans Georg Prager examined the Soviet archives in the early 2000s and discovered that Lützow had been sunk in weapons tests, in the Baltic Sea off Świnoujście in Poland (under German control and named Swinemünde during the war), on 22 July 1947. The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper, which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient. The ship's top speed was 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), at 54,000 PS (53,260 shp; 39,720 kW). [16] In the course of her raiding mission, she sank only two vessels and captured a third. [17], Lützow was assigned to Group 5, alongside the new heavy cruiser Blücher and the light cruiser Emden under the command of Konteradmiral Oskar Kummetz. She quickly capsized and sank with the loss of approximately 1,000 sailors and soldiers. The force left Germany on 8 April and passed through the Kattegat. The 'pocket battleship' Lutzow after being torpedoed by HMS Spearfish. In March, Lützow moved to Altafjord, where she experienced problems with her diesel engines. The ship accidentally started sliding down the slipway while Brüning was giving his christening speech. Nazis report huge tank battle outside Berlin. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. After evacuating approximately 750 people who lived nearby, an attempt was undertaken to deflagrate it with a remote-controlled device, but it exploded, without casualties. [36] Lützow was then ordered to break off the attack on the convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper. She made an official visit to Spain following the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War 1939. According to the historians Erich Gröner and M. J. Whitley, the Soviet Navy raised the ship in September 1947 and broke her up for scrap in 1948–1949. 21 April-Russians inside Berlin. [8], Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer were deployed to the Spanish coast on 23 July 1936 to conduct non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. Four men were wounded. [6] The ship also made a series of goodwill visits to foreign ports, including visits to Gothenburg, Sweden, and in October 1934, a formal state visit to Edinburgh, Scotland. Heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen ready. HMS Spearfish fired her last four torpedoes at 0129 on 11th April when she spotted what was thought to be the Admiral Scheer. She was originally used as a seagoing training ship, to familiarize crews with her new technology. Close. 22 April-Russians hold one-sixth of Berlin. In April 1934, Adolf Hitler visited the ship; he reportedly toured the ship alone, speaking informally with crewmen. report. 1 comment. Fuel shortages restricted operations, although Lützow and Admiral Scheer were able to conduct limited battle training exercises. The first real test came on August 20, 1944, when the 2d Battalion, 317th Infantry, attacked high ground near Argentan during the Allied drive to seal huge German forces in the Falaise Pocket. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e. [31] Kummetz's plan was to divide his force in half; he would take Admiral Hipper and three destroyers north of the convoy to attack it and draw away the escorts. Hitler, furious over the attack, ordered Admiral Scheer to bombard the port of Almería in retaliation for the so-called "Deutschland incident". [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. Burnett quickly decided to withdraw in the face of superior German firepower; his ships were armed with 6 in (150 mm) guns, while Admiral Hipper carried 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns, and Lützow had 28 cm (11 in) guns. Captain Robert Sherbrooke, the British escort commander, left two destroyers to cover the convoy while he took the remaining four to pursue Admiral Hipper. exceeded the allowed tonnage by 6%.As far as warship building is concerned, that's as close as a 3-point landing as you'll get. Ithaca: McBooks Press. In 1937, while anchored off the Balearic island of Ibiza, the Deutschland was bombed by a Loyalist Spanish plane. Light cruiser Nürnberg ready. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. [29][30], Lützow left Germany on 15 May 1942 for Norway; by 25 May she had joined Admiral Scheer in Bogen Bay. The Deutschland before the war, the 12,000 ton 'pocket battleship' was less than a third of the tonnage of a full battleship, with 11 inch guns rather than the 15 inch on ships like the Bismarck. The German “pocket battleships” were the Deutschland (renamed Lützow), the Graf Spee, and the Scheer. [18] At this time, she was re-rated as a heavy cruiser and renamed Lützow. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e. Lützow followed directly behind the flagship, with Emden astern. [38] Despite sinking, the water was shallow enough that her main deck was still 2 m (6 ft 7 in) above water, permitting her use as a stationary gun battery against advancing Soviet forces under control of Task Force Thiele. During the ensuing Battle of Drøbak Sound, Blücher was hit by many shells and two torpedoes. [8], In May 1937, the ship was docked in the port of Palma on the island of Majorca, along with several other neutral warships, including vessels from the British and Italian navies. 15 aircraft managed to bomb the target with Tallboys or with 1,000-pounders. To prevent so much sea water from flushing over the fore deck, the ships later received an extended bow. [21] Lützow embarked over 400 of the soldiers for the voyage to Norway. ISBN 9781848321960. [14] The same day, she stopped the neutral Danish steamer Kongsdal, though when it became apparent that she was headed for a neutral port, the prisoners from Lorentz W Hansen were placed aboard her and she was allowed to proceed. The 20 tonnes of equipment from the pocket battleship were found during deepening work that is being carried in the Piastowski Channel on Poland’s Baltic coast. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. [32] Lützow returned to Germany for repairs, which took until the end of October. google_ad_slot = "8819653264"; Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. [34] Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[35] raced to the scene. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. [19] Admiral Erich Raeder, the commander in chief of the Kriegsmarine, also hoped that renaming the ship would confuse Allied intelligence; the Admiral Hipper-class cruiser Lützow was designated for sale to the Soviet Navy, and it was hoped that the use of her name for Deutschland would hide the transaction. She returned to Norway in early November with a destroyer escort, arriving in Narvik on the 12th. The two sister-ships of her class, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, were reclassified as heavy cruisers in 1940. Lützow and the remaining three destroyers would then attack the undefended convoy from the south. [10], On 24 August 1939, a week before the German invasion of Poland, Deutschland set sail from Wilhelmshaven, bound for a position south of Greenland. Panzerschiff Deutschland, Schwerer Kreuzer Lützow : ein Schiffs-Schicksal vor den Hintergründen seiner Zeit (in German). The force flew through intense flak; 1 Lancaster was shot down (No 617 Squadron's last loss of the war) and all but 2 aircraft were damaged. 20 April-Nuernberg falls to U. S. 7th. Ithaca: McBooks Press. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. [3], Deutschland spent the majority of 1933 and 1934 conducting training maneuvers;[7] early speed trials in May 1933 indicated that a top speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) was preferable, but the ship comfortably reached 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) on speed trials in June. ISBN 978-1-59013-096-4. During the attack on Norway, the ship suffered nineteen dead, and another fifteen were killed by the torpedo strike. At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. Ruhr pocket wiped out. [26] The rest of Group 5 remained in Norway,[27] so Lützow cruised at top speed to avoid submarines. Light cruiser Leipzig under repair until November 1940. This ship served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. [44], non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil War, "WW2 'earthquake' bomb explodes in Poland during attempt to defuse it", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in April 1945, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1947, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Deutschland&oldid=1000524029, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), Design: 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons), This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 13:20. While en route, the British submarine HMS Triton attacked the flotilla; her torpedoes missed, and German torpedo boats drove the submarine off. The main battery turrets had 140 mm (5.5 in) thick faces and 80 mm thick sides. Commanding officer of 617 Sqn. The propulsion system proved to be so unreliable that repairs in Germany were necessary. Heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper under repair until September 1940. Meanwhile, on 14 October, Deutschland encountered and sank the Norwegian transport Lorentz W Hansen,[10] of some 1,918 GRT. [23][24] Lützow was hit three times by 15 cm shells from Oscarsborg's Kopås battery, causing significant damage. 13th April 1945 Twenty 617 Sqn. The work was completed in Kiel by January 1944, after which she remained in the Baltic Sea to conduct training cruises for new naval personnel. share. [7], The ship conducted a series of long-distance training voyages into the Atlantic in 1935. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. Damaged at the Battle of Drøbak Sound, she was recalled to Germany for repairs. Looking at the full-load displacement of the Spee (last ship of the class) and comparing that to the "standard" tonnage … [9], Deutschland quickly weighed anchor and left port. Deutschland's armored belt was 60 to 80 mm (2.4 to 3.1 in) thick; her upper deck was 17 mm (0.67 in) thick while the main armored deck was 17 to 45 mm (0.67 to 1.77 in) thick. Four of the other five destroyers escorting the convoy rushed to join the fight, while Achates laid a smoke screen to cover the convoy. Main armament consisted of 6 11-inch guns in two triple turrets and 8 6-inch guns in individual turrets. Pocket battleships of the Deutschland class : Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, Admiral Graf Spee. Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was subsequently sunk as a target in the Baltic. Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Vote. Thats often cited as the reason and may or may no be true but theres also another, more practical reason for the name change. At the outbreak of World War II, she was cruising the North Atlantic, prepared to attack Allied merchant traffic. [15] In early November, the Naval High Command recalled Deutschland; she passed through the Denmark Strait on 15 November and anchored in Gotenhafen on the 17th. Fortunately, he was on shore leave when Allied bombers came over its base in Northern Germany and wrecked it in April 1945. [12] Hitler hoped to secure a negotiated peace with Britain and France after he overran Poland, and he therefore did not authorize Deutschland to begin her raiding mission against British and French shipping until 26 September. The ship had a design displacement of 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons) and a full load displacement of 14,290 long tons (14,520 t),[1] though the ship was officially stated to be within the 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) limit of the Treaty of Versailles. She next saw action at the Battle of the Barents Sea with the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, which ended with a failure to destroy the convoy JW 51B. The Deutschland was the first ship of a new type known as Panzerschiff (armoured ship), referred to as "pocket battleship" by the British. On 3 July, the force left their anchorages, and in heavy fog Lützow and three destroyers ran aground and suffered significant damage. The supply ship Westerwald was assigned to support Deutschland during the operation. [10], Severe weather in the North Atlantic hampered Deutschland's raiding mission, though she did tie down several British warships assigned to track her down. [14] A prize crew was dispatched to the ship; they took the ship with the original crew held prisoner to Germany via Murmansk. [39] The fate of Lützow was long unclear, as with most of the ships seized by the Soviet Navy. 13th April 1945 Twenty 617 Sqn. The 'pocket battleship' Lutzow after being torpedoed by HMS Spearfish. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. Lützow. [1] Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929,[4] under construction number 219. These were Inflexible, Invinc… She ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17, which necessitated another return to Germany for repairs. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine, she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kielin February 1929 and completed by April 1933. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining two ships of this class as heavy cruisers. 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