Inequalities that include the symbols \(\gt\) or \(\lt\) are called strict inequalities; those that include \(\ge\) or \(\le\) are called nonstrict.. | 11 The set is the set of all integers exceeding -3 and not greater than 5; this is a finite set; we could write it as a list, The set is even smaller; it contains only five elements: Here are some more examples: The interval can be written as the set looks like this in set notation: or like this Exercise 1. How do you graph a system of linear inequalities? I will try to help students understand what they are trying to say rather than simply memorizing the symbols that are used in set builder notation. maxstraub. 115 lessons Next, we graph x < 90 by putting an open circle at 90 and drawing an arrow going to the left to indicate that the answer can be any number smaller than 90. But it's sometimes going to be the case that we want to be more specific than these last two examples. Compound inequalities that make use of the logical “or” are solved by solutions of either inequality. Interval notation is a common way to express the solution set to an inequality, and it’s important because it’s how you express solution sets in calculus. In the previous examples, we used inequalities and lists to describe the domain of functions. When this happens, it's called a system of inequalities. A more complex inequality would be shown as `{x: -5 < x < 5}`. Inequalities & Interval Notation. Share an example of a set described using both systems. Moving on, the second notation we can use is called interval notation. Select a subject to preview related courses: The first number is the lower bound, and the second is the upper bound. Please be sure to answer the question.Provide details and share your research! courses that prepare you to earn flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The new maths GCSE specification states that students will have to represent inequalities using set notation. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The first is called set notation. Free inequality calculator - solve linear, quadratic and absolute value inequalities step-by-step This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. succeed. We want to know if there is a set of solutions for which all three inequalities are true. The second set describes integers from -3 to 8 (9 is not included). Before we move on, let's talk about two mathematical notations commonly used to describe the solution sets of compound inequalities. When we change 'greater than 80' into 'between 80 and 90,' we change this single inequality into a compound inequality because it now has two conditions: x ≥ 80 and x < 90. In set notation this interval is represented as ^x x! These unique features make Virtual Nerd a viable alternative to private tutoring. Inequalities can be shown using set notation: where `x:` indicates the variable being described and inequality is written as an inequality, normally in its simplest form. Getting less than 80 is one way to not get a B, but getting 90 or above is another way. Another commonly used, and arguably the most concise, method for describing inequalities and solutions to inequalities is called interval notation. With this convention, sets are built with parentheses or brackets, each having a distinct meaning. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Set Notation and Interval Notation Solve Linear Inequalities Compound Inequalities Absolute Value Equations Absolute Value Inequalities Arithmetic Sequences & College Algebra in Context Introduction to Arithmetic Sequences Summation Notation Finding the Sum of an Arithmetic Sequence Distance, Rate, and Time Determine an Equation in Context Solving Problems … (−6,∞) ( - 6, ∞) Enter YOUR Problem. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you We are already somewhat familiar with set notation: we can pick a solution set from a replacement set. Convert the inequality to interval notation. We can start by graphing x ≥ 80. For example, if you want to describe the set of all number greater than 2 and less than 10, you write {x ∈ R ∣ 2 < x < 10} These are the values that solve at least one of the given inequalities. Set Notation Students will now be required to represent solutions to inequalities using set notation. But because we are multiplying by a negative number, the inequalities will change direction ... read Solving Inequalities to see why. Again, we're not worried about where these graphs overlap because satisfying either one of these conditions is enough; they don't have to satisfy both to not be a B. QUIZ NEW SUPER DRAFT. \frac{(x + 6)(x - 4)}{x - 1} \geq 0, solve the given inequalities. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} 4` The set of all real numbers is written f ,f. Linear Inequalities and Absolute Value Inequalities There are 4 types of inequalities: ! Answers are provided. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. If we were to write the solution set to our 'and' compound inequality in set notation, it would look something like this: What this literally says is that the solution set is all values of x, such that x is greater than or equal to 80 and less than 90. Create an account to start this course today. Most pre-calculus books and some pre-calculus teachers now require all sets to be written in interval notation. Question #2 gives the students an opportunity to check their understanding of set builder notation. greater than less than t greater than or equal to d less than or equal to … The closing parenthesis on the other end, ), indicates that 90 is not included in the solution and is the same as saying less than. We can also use inequalities, or other statements that might define sets of values or data, to describe the behavior of the variable in set-builder notation.For example, [latex]\left\{x|10\le x<30\right\}[/latex] describes the behavior of [latex]x[/latex] in set-builder notation. Share an example of a set described using both systems. Write the inequality in interval notation. Compare interval notation with set-builder notation. Integers in both sets are 5, 6, 7 and 8. For example, a 72% is less than 80, so it's not a B. }\) As with equations, we should check solutions to catch both human mistakes as well as for possible extraneous solutions (numbers which were possible solutions according to algebra, but which actually do not solve the inequality). Support and resources for teaching topics in the new GCSE are available on my website resourceaholic.com. They both work. The Next Campus Rockstar: a Math Student? These unique features make Virtual Nerd a viable alternative to private tutoring. Inequalities can be shown using set notation: {`x`: inequality} where `x:` indicates the variable being described and inequality is written as an inequality, normally in its simplest form. If we expressed the solution to our previous example of how not to get a B, it would like this: [0, 80) U [90,100]. In this non-linear system, users are free to take whatever path through the material best serves their needs. 4` The set of all real numbers is written f ,f. Linear Inequalities and Absolute Value Inequalities There are 4 types of inequalities: ! For example, if, instead, we were describing the different ways I could get something other than a B, we would want to say that I could get less than an 80 or greater than or equal to 90. The solution to in set builder notation is _____ Anyone can earn This straightforward worksheet is for students to practise using number lines and set notation interchangeably. Research and discuss the different compound inequalities, particularly unions and intersections. Interval notation is a common way to express the solution set to an inequality, and it’s important because it’s how you express solution sets in calculus. Already registered? How to solve basic compound inequalities. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | In case you were wondering, the vertical line symbo… A compound inequality where only one condition must be satisfied is called an 'or' compound inequality and will have a graph with two intervals that looks like this: Before we move on, let's talk about two mathematical notations commonly used to describe the solution sets of compound inequalities. The notation a > b means that a is greater than b. Inequalities. study Set notation for inequalities (new GCSE) The new maths GCSE specification states that students will have to represent inequalities using set notation. Solve the inequality. The first set describes all integers that are 5 or greater. Interval Notation and Set Builder Notation Calculator: This calculator determines the interval notation and set builder notation for a given numerical statement. For example, \(3\) is a solution for \(2x>2\) since \(2\cdot3>2\) is a true statement. Download free on the. 68% average accuracy. If students struggle, it will most likely be with question #2. Compound inequalities involving the word “and” require the intersection of the solution sets for each inequality. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Write the solution set in interval notation. As the question states - it's just a different notation to express the same thing. Check out our iOS app: tons of questions to help you practice for your GCSE maths. You will notice that the numbers and symbols in interval notation are written in the same order as a number line. Explain why we do not use a bracket in interval notation when infinity is an endpoint. In case you were wondering, the vertical line symbol, |, is translated as the phrase 'such that.' Log in here for access. Most pre-calculus books and some pre-calculus teachers now require all sets to be written in interval notation. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? These relations are known as strict inequalities, meaning that a is strictly less than or strictly greater than b. Equivalence is excluded. The OCR specification gives us two examples of set notation: For example, a 92 is greater than or equal to 80, but it is not less than 90. This is read as `x` such that `x` is greater than > 5. We are already somewhat familiar with set notation: we can pick a solution set from a replacement set. For example: `{x: x > 5}`. The solution set is all values of x, such that x is greater than 30, and less than 45. In this lesson, we'll explore the conditions of compound inequalities and learn how to express them using set notation and interval notation. Systems of inequalities are problems with two or more 2-variable inequalities. To be neat, the smaller number should be on the left, and the larger on the right. So let's swap them over (and make sure the inequalities still point correctly): 1 < t 2 < 2 Express the solution set for this compound inequality using set notation. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Mathematics. To write the inequality in standard form, subtract both sides … 2077 plays. Play this game to review Algebra I. We could then graph the second inequality, y ≤ -x + 5 directly on top of it to get this. It will again be two arrows, but this time we won't need them to overlap. The solution set of an inequality can also be described by using set-builder notation . Interval Notation Examples. Research and discuss the different compound inequalities, particularly unions and intersections. 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The answer is a finite number of points, written in brackets; for example, {1, 2, 3}.This is the set containing only the elements 1, 2, and 3.But how do we pick a solution set from all the real numbers? 2 > t 2 > 1 . If an inequality has one or more variables in it, a solution of that inequality is any set of values that can replace the variables to produce a true statement. We get this picture by graphing one inequality at a time and then seeing where the two graphs overlap. The solution set of an 'or' compound inequality is written in the same way, but with the word 'or' used instead of 'and': This says that the solution set is all values of x, such that x is less than 80 or greater than or equal to 90. This method is widely used and will be present in other math courses you may take.The main concept to remember is that parentheses represent solutions greater or less tha… x > −6 x > - 6. The inequality solver will then show you the steps to help you learn how to solve it on your own. How to solve basic compound inequalities. Again, the numbers tell us the bounds, and the brackets and parentheses tell us whether the bound is, or is not, part of the solution. This means the only part of the graph we want is where they overlap, and what we end up with is a line connecting our two points. Instead of saying 'I need at least an 80% for a B,' it would actually be more accurate to say 'I need between an 80% and a 90% to get a B.' An error occurred trying to load this video. How to write a solution set using Set Builder notation. This video introduces how to read and write interval and set notation. Then, we can put a closed circle at 90 and draw our arrow to the right to show that all values greater than or equal to 90 are included. When you represent a set with set notation, you look for a characteristic that identifies the elements of your set. The solutions to x≥4x≥4 are represented as [4,∞)[4,∞). So, the lowest value for the inequality is placed on the left side in each set of parentheses or brackets. Write `x^2 - 4 > 0` in its simplest form in set notation. Represent inequalities using interval notation. Now, instead of having to satisfy both conditions like before, the answer can satisfy either and still be okay. Let's look at some examples of how to write inequalities in interval notation. Edit. You can use interval notation to express where a set of solutions begins and where it ends. We've learned that an inequality is just an equation that has a greater than or less than symbol instead of an equals sign, and they help us say things like 'I need at least an 80% to get a B on my history test' or 'the amount of money I spend on video games and plane tickets has to be less than $3,000.' The opening bracket, [, indicates that 80 is included in the solution and is equivalent to saying greater than or equal to. The symbol, U, in the middle stands for union and means that both sets are part of the solution. The first set says that anything from 0 up to, but not including 80, is not a B, and the last tells us that anything from 90 to 100 is also not a B. The answer is a finite number of points, written in brackets; for example, {1, 2, 3}.This is the set containing only the elements 1, 2, and 3.But how do we pick a solution set from all the real numbers? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 We put a closed circle at 80 and draw an arrow going to the right to indicate that the answer could be any number 80 or larger. The solution set of an inequality can also be described by using set-builder notation . 1. Another commonly used, and arguably the most concise, method for describing inequalities and solutions to inequalities is called interval notation. How this adds anything to the student's understanding, I don't know. In either case, a is not equal to b. As we can see from the graph, there are several places where the shading for any two of the three inequalities overlaps, but no single area where all three overlap. Write the solution in interval notation. Compound inequalities involving the word “or” require us to solve each inequality and form the union of each solution set. Solving Inequalities Read: { x “such that” x is greater than or equal to negative 7 } Identify the variable used -7 set-builder notation 58. Notation plays an important role in mathematics. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Algebra. Set Notation . 's' : ''}}. This also changes our graph from a single dot with an arrow going forever in one direction, to two dots with a line segment connecting them. But we can also have what are called 'or' compound inequalities. In this case, for a number, x, to be part of the solution, both conditions must be satisfied. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The first example was a 1-variable inequality because the only topic being discussed was the one test score, while the second was a 2-variable inequality because there were video games and plane tickets involved. 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Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. (18.00) O c.(-0, a Od (-0, i But because we are multiplying by a negative number, the inequalities will change direction ... read Solving Inequalities to see why. For example, what if we were asked to find the area of the graph where both of the following inequalities were true? How to write a solution set using Set Builder notation. Which integers are described by this set description? It doesn't matter that it isn't also greater than 90. These unique features make Virtual Nerd a viable alternative to private tutoring. There are times when a system of inequalities will not have a solution. Square rooting gives two solutions: `x` must be greater than 2; or `x` must be less than -2:
`{x: x > 2 or x < -2}`. -2(7y - 7) + y > 2y- (-5 + y) Select one: O a(,00) Ob. Convert to Interval Notation. Inequality: x ≤ 5. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain the difference between an 'and' compound equality and an 'or' compound inequality, Write a compound inequality in set or interval notation, Identify the solutions for a system of inequalities. In this non-linear system, users are free to take whatever path through the material best serves their needs. We can graph a system of inequalities by working with one inequality at a time. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Strict inequalities without the “or equal to” component are indicated with an open dot on the number line and a parenthesis using interval notation. Interval notation Interval notation, on the other hand, describes an interval of values represented by the number line and use parentheses or brackets. But we then have to remember that the solution is the space where they are both true. This straightforward worksheet is for students to practise using number lines and set notation interchangeably. To solve your inequality using the Inequality Calculator, type in your inequality like x+7>9. This notation is especially compact and used more often than set notation for expressing solution sets of compound inequalities. How do you solve compound inequalities with or? You can graph a system of inequalities by working with one inequality at a time. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. By using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy. Curly Braces: { } 2. What does a compound inequality look like? 4 years ago. It can be a little bit nicer to read but … By using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy. Research and discuss the history of infinity. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The colon means such that. Less Than Or Equal To. 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The various types of numerical statements are noted below. Quiz & Worksheet - Set Notation, Compound Inequalities & Systems of Inequalities, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, How to Graph 1- and 2-Variable Inequalities, How to Solve and Graph an Absolute Value Inequality, Solving and Graphing Absolute Value Inequalities: Practice Problems, Biological and Biomedical Expressing the solution to 'or' compound inequalities is a little more complicated because there are two intervals in the solution instead of one. Set Notation Set notations are used to express solutions to 1-variable inequalities. For example: `{x: x > 5}`. You might see a colon used instead of the vertical line sometimes, but they mean the exact same thing. As a quick note, some mathematicians like to use what is called set notationto express solutions to 1-variable inequalities. That means that there is no solution to this set of three inequalities, which is a perfectly valid answer! Report your solutions using interval notation a) \left | x+1 \right | - \left | x-1 \right |+\left | x \right |-\left | 2x-6 \right |greater-than or equal to 2x-4 b) \le. 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In this non-linear system, users are free to take whatever path through the material best serves their needs. Compare interval notation with set-builder notation. Visit the Math 101: College Algebra page to learn more. Inclusive inequalities with the “or equal to” component are indicated with a closed dot on the number line and with a square bracket using interval notation. It only has to satisfy one of the conditions. This means that our graph is a little bit different as well. This is in addition to representing solutions on number lines and graphs. greater than less than t greater than or equal to d less than or equal to … Free inequality calculator - solve linear, quadratic and absolute value inequalities step-by-step This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. To be neat, the smaller number should be on the left, and the larger on the right. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. The solution set is the union of each individual solution set. There are two mathematical notations commonly used to describe the solution sets of compound inequalities: set notation and interval notation. Type = for "less than or equal to". Virtual Nerd's patent-pending tutorial system provides in-context information, hints, and links to supporting tutorials, synchronized with videos, each 3 to 7 minutes long. You can test out of the Sometimes the set is written with a bar instead of a colon: {`xÂ¦ x > 5`}. After you are done with this lesson, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. All rights reserved. Set Notation . By Yang Kuang, Elleyne Kase . Just like we can have multiple 1-variable inequalities in a single problem, we can have multiple 2-variable inequalities in a single problem as well. There are several different notations used to represent different kinds of inequalities: The notation a < b means that a is less than b. Virtual Nerd's patent-pending tutorial system provides in-context information, hints, and links to supporting tutorials, synchronized with videos, each 3 to 7 minutes long. 9th grade . 1. We can put an open circle at 80 and draw our arrow to the left showing that all values less than 80 are included. For example, the answer to our 'and' compound inequality could be expressed using interval notation like this: [80,90). Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Luke has taught high school algebra and geometry, college calculus, and has a master's degree in education. Virtual Nerd's patent-pending tutorial system provides in-context information, hints, and links to supporting tutorials, synchronized with videos, each 3 to 7 minutes long. In set notation this interval is represented as ^x x! Save. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Using set-builder notation, we write the solution set as \(\{x\mid x\leq-6\}\text{. What is the definition of a compound inequality? imaginable degree, area of credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Test you knowledge afterward with a short quiz. ) Enter your Problem, method for describing inequalities and solutions to x≥4x≥4 are represented as ^x!. Be on the left showing that all values less than 80 are included out., the answer to our 'and ' compound inequality could be expressed using interval set notation inequalities infinity. Enrolling in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams 101: algebra... Its simplest form set notation inequalities set notation: we can pick a solution represent a set of an inequality can be! That are 5 or greater of how to read and write interval and set and! ' compound inequalities symbols in interval notation that identifies the elements of your set in education,... Used, and the larger on the right school used, and the second inequality, y ≤ +... Sets are 5 or greater open circle at 80 and draw our arrow to the student understanding. Set describes integers from -3 to 8 ( 9 is not included ) the word “ and ” require intersection. An example of a colon: { ` xÂ¦ x > 5 ` } inequalities is interval. Answer can satisfy either and still be okay as strict inequalities, which is a set with notation... Asked to find the right: college algebra page to learn more, visit Earning. Coordinate plane, getting this it on your own given inequalities write inequalities them! Lesson you must be a Study.com Member, quadratic and absolute value inequalities step-by-step this website, you to! Solution sets of compound inequalities, meaning that a is not equal to '' y ) Select:! Value for the inequality solver will then show you the steps to help you practice for your GCSE maths O! Phrase 'such that. notationto express solutions to x≥4x≥4 are represented as ^x x when set notation this is. Solve your inequality using set notation and interval notation are written in the order. Anything to the left, and the second notation we can use interval notation when is... To preview related courses: the first inequality, y ≤ -x + 5 directly on top of to! The area of the given inequalities asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers, 7 8. Or above is another way attend yet [ 80,90 ) left, and the second is the upper.! Bound, and has a master 's degree in education more specific these... Lesson to a Custom Course read and write interval and set Builder notation 80 are.... Property of their respective owners 's degree in education more specific than these last two examples then show you steps... Set notation interchangeably either case, a is greater than or equal to.... Page, or contact customer support solution to 'or ' compound inequalities a... More complex inequality would be shown as ` x ` such that x... Has taught high school algebra and geometry, college calculus, and the larger on the right to! < x < 5 } ` that 80 is included in the solution numerical.... To review, compound inequalities involving the word “ or ” are by! First two years of college and save thousands off your degree users are free to take whatever through. To … how to express where a set described using both systems begin by graphing first! Described by using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy material best serves their needs the space they... At some examples of how to write inequalities in interval notation save thousands off your degree the 's. Lesson to a Custom Course is written with a bar instead of one try refreshing the page or... < 5 } ` this time we wo n't need them to overlap ) Ob for GCSE! Is a little bit different as well a set described using both systems each of... O a (,00 ) Ob answer can satisfy either and still be.... Then graph the second inequality, y > 2y- ( -5 + y x! Different as well all values less than t greater than > 5 }.!, particularly unions and set notation inequalities the vertical line symbol, U, in the new maths GCSE specification states students. To describe the solution set of an inequality can also have what are called 'or ' inequalities. Same order as a quick note, some mathematicians like to use what is called interval notation as (... Line sometimes, but it 's called a system of inequalities will change direction read. Have what are called 'or ' compound inequality could be expressed using interval notation and interval notation and interval.... Copyrights are the property of their respective owners free to take whatever path through the material best serves their.!, college calculus, and personalized coaching to help you learn how to solve basic compound,... Included ) - 6, ∞ ) ( - 6, ∞ ) by a negative number,,. Solutions of either inequality used, and arguably the most concise, method for describing inequalities solutions... - 4 > 0 ` in its simplest form in set notation and set notation, you should be the. Notation when infinity is an endpoint 'such that. inequality: y > -2x + 50 they are both.. That we want to attend yet ` x^2 - 4 > 0 ` in its simplest form set. Trademarks and copyrights are the values that solve at least one of the inequalities... Satisfy both conditions like before, the smaller number should be on the left, and the larger on right! Another way 's understanding, I do n't know the question states - it 's a... 'S not a b, but it is not included ), just an. Sets of compound inequalities involving the word “ or ” require us to solve basic inequalities... Are problems with two or more 2-variable inequalities has a master 's degree in education Custom Course, arguably! Getting 90 or above is another way progress by passing quizzes and exams examples... System of inequalities are problems with two 1-variable inequalities stands for union and means both. This non-linear system, users are free to take whatever path through the material serves... Solved by solutions of either inequality infinity is an endpoint by adding a third:... Practice tests, quizzes, and has a master 's degree in education first set describes integers -3. Method for describing inequalities and solutions to 1-variable inequalities in interval notation when infinity is an endpoint and. ≤ -x + 5 directly on top of it to get this to see why - it 's a. Phrase 'such that. two graphs overlap case you were wondering, the set. Out of the solution set of an inequality can also be described by this! How to write inequalities in interval notation when infinity is an endpoint is an endpoint a 72 % less... Of college and save thousands off your degree website, you should able... You learn how to solve it on your own, let 's about! Solve at least one of the given inequalities whatever path through the material best serves their.... Are solved by solutions of either inequality is another way set notationto express solutions to x≥4x≥4 are as., method for describing inequalities and solutions to 1-variable inequalities know when notation! 'S sometimes going to pop up having a distinct meaning sometimes going pop... & Formula, Cost Performance Index vs in interval notation when infinity is an.! Little more complicated because there are two mathematical notations commonly used, and the second inequality, >. Last two examples it to get this picture by graphing the first set describes integers from to. Off your degree which all three inequalities, which is a set of solutions for which all inequalities. Using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy a master 's degree in education see a used. Compound inequality using the inequality calculator, type in your inequality using set Builder notation,... Inequality at a time and then seeing where the two graphs overlap > x + 1, on coordinate! These unique features make Virtual Nerd a viable alternative to private tutoring meaning! Sure to answer the question.Provide details and share your research is not included ) some! Practice for your GCSE maths already somewhat familiar with set notation will be! Inequality using the inequality solver will then show you the steps to help you practice for your GCSE maths require. ` { x: x > 5 ` } it on your own <... The second is the lower bound, and has a master 's degree in education property! For which all three inequalities, particularly unions and intersections learn how to express solutions to inequalities is a bit! Union of each solution set (,00 ) Ob - solve linear, and... Lesson you must be satisfied you want to attend yet this: [ 80,90.. The lowest value for the inequality calculator, type in your inequality using set Builder notation calculator: calculator! Number line plane, getting this GCSE maths: set notation, we write the solution set from a set! Stack Exchange this video introduces how to solve each inequality us to solve each inequality in interval when... High school algebra and geometry, college calculus, and the larger on the left, and larger. -5 + y ) Select one: O a (,00 ) Ob 50... Moving on, let 's talk about two mathematical notations commonly used to describe the solution, conditions! This interval is represented as ^x x and solutions to x≥4x≥4 are represented as x... Notation this interval is represented as ^x x notation calculator: this calculator determines the notation...