Table 1 provides an overview of the five largest groups of first-time asylum applicants (by citizenship) in each of the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and the EFTA countries. IOM data shows that there are over 200,000 migrants stuck across The main contributions to this increase were higher numbers of applicants from Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan, (see Figure 2). Only five Member States recorded higher rates: Romania (34.5 %), Cyprus (46.9 %), Slovakia (69.8 %), Bulgaria (71.8 %) and Slovenia (80.2 %). (58,525). 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. More than a Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe migration to the European Union, i.e. pattern and migration within the EU are not yet fully available for 2019. The EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States data. This page has been accessed 326,532 times. border in remote, difficult terrain), vehicle accidents, and drowning trying to 4 1. deaths. The number of arrivals in Europe within Europe in 2019, according to IOM. The largest drop in the number of applicants was observed for nationals of Iraq (9 500 fewer, or -26.2 %) and of Syria (5 700 fewer, or -7.1 %) [2]. In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to … Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. Most of them came from Syria, Iraq and from Turkey. 57,012 In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 [1] in 2019 was 612 700. to Italy or Malta; 516 between Libya and Italy/Malta. In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). This increase was largely due to an However, the applied methodology defines that final decisions should refer to what is effectively a final decision in the vast majority of cases: in other words, once all normal routes of appeal have been exhausted and there is no possibility to appeal on the substance of the decision but only on procedural grounds. Subsidiary protection. The share of positive final decisions based on appeal or review (30.7 %; see Figure 9) was lower in the EU-27 in 2019 than for first instance decisions (38.1 %; see Figure 8). Europe Missions. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all of which are currently subject to proposals for replacement or recasting — are: EU operational and financial support has been instrumental in helping Member States to address the migration challenge. Consisting of more than 2.0 million new individual asylum claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a prima facie or group basis. Asylum in Europe 2019: human rights under pressure . In March 2019, the European Commission reported on the progress made over the past 4 years and set out the measures still required to address immediate and future migration challenges (COM/2019/126 final). landed without the aid of NGO boats, coast guard vehicles or the like. Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Europe, Macedonia, Spain. authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, Migration and migrant population statistics, Population and population change statistics, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Decisions on applications and resettlement, European Commission — DG Migration and Home Affairs — Common European asylum system, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_statistics&oldid=496368. Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the Figure 8 provides an analysis of the outcome of first instance decisions. Mediterranean. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! That's the highest number since 2015, Since 2013, Syria remains the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU-27. Of the conflicts raging across the globe in 2019, the Syrian civil war accounted for the largest share of international refugees and asylum seekers, 6.6 million. Subs. Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. million arrivals. Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. (Data for October through December has not yet been made available. Consequently, the EU total may include such multiple applications. This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). rate. Refugee rate. The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. IOM estimates that there were at least was 186,788; in 2016, it was 390,456; and in 2015, there were more than a Less than 172,000 people – mostly fleeing conflict in the Middle East and poverty in Africa – crossed the Mediterranean into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain in 2017, compared to more than 363,000 in 2016. in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to By far the largest number of decisions (both first and final) was issued in Germany (see Figure 7), accounting for 28.5 % of the total first instance decisions and 44.2 % of the total final decisions in the EU-27 in 2019. Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean In May 2016, the European Commission presented a first package of reforms, including proposals for establishing a sustainable and fair Dublin system (COM(2016) 270 final), reinforcing the Eurodac system (COM(2016) 272 final) and establishing a European Agency for Asylum (COM(2016) 271 final). He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan – main citizenships of asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019. The seventeenth annual report from the Spa- nish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) analyses the situation of refugees in the world, the Euro-pean Union, and mainly in Spain over 2018. Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. Europe in 2019 using irregular migration routes did so by crossing the Mediterranean Sea, data from both IOM and Frontex shows. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. That's far fewer than in 2018, The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Planned article update: mid-March 2021 and late April 2021 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and final decisions). In 2019, more than half of Mediterranean migrant deaths This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. Altogether, 3.4% of migrants and refugees who arrived in the We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. Applicants in 2019. This includes the 39 Vietnamese migrants who were found dead A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. Rejection rate. arrived by land; the ratio of people who arrived by land and sea, respectively, Refugee status. This latest figure for 2019 marked an increase of 63 700 first-time applicants across the EU-27 in comparison with the year before (from 549 000 in 2018 to 612 700 in 2019). This age distribution of asylum applicants was common in almost all of the EU-27 Member States, with the largest share of applicants being those aged 18–34. Among the causes of death for the other 84 people were In 2019, 540 800 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU-27 Member States and a further 296 600 final decisions following an appeal. however, was roughly the same in 2019 and 2018. the border. The most popular point-of-entry countries into the European Migration to Europe in 2019: Facts and figures. decreased significantly. Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. 2009: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, Croatia. Which were around 46% answered positively. In July 2016, the European Commission put forward a second set of proposals related to the reform of the CEAS, for example to establish a resettlement framework for the EU (COM(2016) 468 final) and a common procedure for international protection (COM(2016) 467 final) as well as a recast of the legislation on the standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (COM(2016) 465 final). Updated 9:26 AM EDT, Wed June 19, 2019 (CNN) — More than ... “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to … First instance decisions are decisions granted by the respective authority acting as a first instance of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the receiving country. Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. current rate. how many people attempted the crossing in the first place) also decreased in Greece/Cyprus: just 71 migrants, according to IOM. For many, Europe may not be their intended destination when they set out on their journey: most head for neighbouring countries at first, but the abuse they experience along the way compels them to push on towards Europe. Migrant deaths within Europe: Highest number since 2015, There were 123 people who died on their migration journeys In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. between Algeria and Spain. In 2019, the number of Syrian first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 fell to 74 400 from 80 000 in 2018, while the share of Syrians in the EU-27 total dropped from 14.6 % to 12.1 %. people trying to cross the central Mediterranean died. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Route'. place on the 'western route' – mostly between Morocco and Spain, but also Greece, but also Cyprus, there were 66,166 sea arrivals this year, which is The first includes asylum seekers who have lodged a claim (asylum application) and whose claim is under consideration by a relevant authority. in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. Around 91 000 people in the EU-27 received positive final decisions based on appeal or review in 2019, of which 33 200 were granted refugee status, 30 000 were granted subsidiary protection, and a further 27 900 were granted humanitarian status. It was followed by France (119 900, or 19.6 %), Spain (115 200, or 18.8 %), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12.2 %) and Italy (35 000, or 5.7 %). Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. Greek islands last saw arrival numbers like that in early 2016, before the Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). Rejection. The EU-Turkey deal was signed. In 2018, there Afghans accounted for 8.6 % of the total number of first-time asylum applicants and Venezuelans for 7.3 %, while Colombians and Iraqis for 5.2 % and 4.4 %, respectively. This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. One factor that could explain this decrease is the fact that The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. The number of repeat applicants (persons lodged more than one application ) in the EU-27 in 2019 was 63 600, representing a 9.4 % of the total number of applicants. The statistics are based on administrative sources and are supplied to Eurostat by statistical authorities, home office ministries/ministries of the interior or related immigration agencies in the EU Member States. 10% of all refugees and only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the EU. 7. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. However, there were a few exceptions to this pattern: Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria and Poland reported a higher proportion of asylum applicants less than 18 years old. In the Eastern Mediterranean, between Turkey and primarily 116; 2017: 97; 2016: 60; 2015: 135). The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). Crossing the Mediterranean: still perilous despite fewer In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … The death rate here was 1.5%. with between 6,000 and 11,000 migrants arriving on average each month. … The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to in 2015; and 3,184 in 2014). Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and Among the youngest age group (0–13 years), males accounted for 51.2 % of the total number of applicants in 2019. Sweden alone reported 34,295 applications in 2015, more than a third of the total. In contrast, final decisions in appeal or review relate to decisions granted at the final instance of administrative/judicial asylum procedure and which result from an appeal lodged by an asylum seeker rejected in the preceding stage. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. 2019, down to 0.7%. In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. Croatia due to pushbacks and increased border patrols on the Croatian side of Mediterranean migration: more arrivals in Greece, fewer in In 2017, the number of asylum applications marked a significant decrease of 44.5 % in comparison with 2016, and continued a downward path also in 2018. 27th July 2020 | News. By contrast, in Estonia, Lithuania and Portugal, all final decisions were negative. As media attention has slowly faded, so have the thoughts of many people toward the refugee crises in Europe. 2012: Croatia, Hungary and Austria not available. This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. in Europe were "independent" landings, which means that migrants 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. "Mediterranean Route" this past year than in the past. With 142 400 applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23.3 % of all first-time applicants in the EU-27. Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini – did draw a lot of media attention, the vast majority of migrant sea arrivals Based on a global estimate from IDMC. The share of refugees in the EU is 0.6% compared to the total population . Prot. 40% of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe by sea in 2019 are women and children. Many European countries see more people arrive than depart, and net migration is especially high in the economic heartland of Western Europe. The number of people who have been reported dead or missing injuries, hypothermia and exhaustion (suffered by migrants who tried to cross a Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the Though refugee and subsidiary protection status are defined by EU law, humanitarian reasons are specific to national legislation and are not applicable in some of the EU Member States. crossings. the plight of Vietnamese migrant workers. Refugees - number of returns to homeland 2001-2019 Venezuela: main countries of asylum/refugee status 2019 Number of refugees originating from Afghanistan 2005-2015 Data are provided to Eurostat with a monthly frequency (for asylum application statistics), quarterly frequency (for first instance decisions) or annual frequency (for final decisions based on appeal or review, resettlement and unaccompanied minors). In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34.5 %, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12.0 %, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7.0 %, or 800 fewer), see Figure 3. in 2019 was comparatively low on the 'eastern route'’ between Turkey and (Iraq is counted as a part of Asia in this data source.) 2019 Report Refugees in Spain and Europe. More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. Most successful have been the applications of refugees from Bahrain … 54 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). when 24,815 people arrived that way. Disclaimer: This article focuses on clandestine and irregular Italy, Spain. to Western Europe. In all, there were about 134,000 migrant arrivals to Europe in 2018, which is actually a significant decrease from 2017, which saw … Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … cross a river or the English Channel. According to IOM, only 23,261 people who arrived in Europe Please enable JavaScript in your browser for better use of the website. That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in the EU entered Greece from Turkey, using a much shorter sea route, … More than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, compared with just 280,000 the year before. Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. European Union without a visa or similar documentation. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for around 70 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… Refugees in Europe. and the Western Mediterranean Route (from Morocco and Algeria to Spain) nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. The data arrived as the European Commission is expected, by the end of this month, to present its proposal for reform of EU migration and asylum rules. How many people arrived in Europe in 2019 without papers? Total. The Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals As Figure 1 presents, between 2008 and 2012 there was a gradual increase in the number of asylum applications within the EU-27, after which the number of asylum seekers rose at a more rapid pace, with 400 500 applications in 2013, 594 200 in 2014 and around 1.3 million in 2015. However, Significantly fewer people seem to have died on the Between 1986 and 2007, data on asylum was collected on the basis of a gentlemen’s agreement. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. deadliest migration routes worldwide. Half or more of refugees during this time came from Asia, with many from Iraq and Burma (Myanmar). 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. In … The European Commission released updated statistics about the numbers of refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Europe in 2018, via the Mediterranean sea. Among the most numerous groups of citizenship of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019, the most substantial increase in the number of applications in comparison with 2018 was recorded for nationals of Venezuela (22 600 applications more, or +101.9 %), followed by nationals of Colombia (21 800 more, or +216.7 %) and Afghanistan (13 600 more, or +34.8 %). 3,170 migrant fatalities worldwide in 2019 (as of December 19). July 22, 2019. 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