Reversing Valve and Solenoid. I tried everything. The reversing valve solenoid is an electromagnetic coil that mounts onto the reversing valve and is generally 24V on residential heat pumps. HEAT PUMP SYSTEM: Configure the reversing valve for O (energized in cool) or B (energized in heat) and enable/ disable Emergency Heat and/or Auxiliary Heat. Its easy to find out. ... My Coleman 3700 THE 2.5 ton heat pump /ac will not switch to the cool mode. The energized state is typically achieved by applying 24 volts AC, which is commonly used in HVAC equipment. Either your system uses O or B, not both. Video of a confirmed diagnosis of a 3-way reversing valve not cooling but heating ok. The blue on the reversing valve should be common or C and the orange should go to the O terminal of the thermostat. Condensing unit runs, but just won't push the gas back the other way. The heat pump can be designed by the manufacturer to produce either cooling or heating with the reversing valve … A wire (usually orange wired to “O” terminal on the heat pump thermostat) runs from the thermostat to the condenser, where the typical air to air heat pump has a reversing valve. When looking at a reversing valve, the single port on the bottom is always the discharge line from the compressor. Welcome to the forums. Start studying Reversing Valve 4 Way- Valve Heat Pumps. A reversing valve is usually found close to the compressor or condenser of the heat pump. (Tapping on the valve, making sure there was power to the valve, made sure that I was using the B terminal instead of the O terminal, etc.) Figure 6. The reversing valve has two states, relaxed (unactivated) versus energized. B on the stat is reversing valve energized in heating mode. The reversing valve is powered in AC mode. The energized state is typically achieved by applying 240 volts AC, which is commonly used in HVAC equipment. Also, with the thermostat in "system off", no voltages except on the R and RH terminals. On my newer CrapAir unit, it appears the reversing valve is stuck. If the valve breaks, the heat pump will be trapped in one mode or the other. With the reversing valve de-energized the flow reverses. Reversing valves: Change the flow of refrigerant which determines if your interior space is cooled or heated. I have 2 units (0ne works well)and it appears that the switching valve is not operating. Bad reversing valve – If you have a heat pump not heating, but it works in cooling mode, you might have a bad reversing valve. I have found that the reversing valve is energized on the cooling cycle, but also even if thermostat is set to off position valve is still energized. A broken reversing valve will mean a heat pump that is trapped in one mode or the other. REVERSING VALVE ENERGIZED IN COOL MODE ONLY REQUIRED FOR HEAT PUMPAPPLICAITON REVERSING VALVE ENERGIZED IN HEAT MODE Basic Installation Single Stage Thermostats 1E78-144 Non-Programmable 1E78-151 Programmable For additional information visit: www.white-rodgers.com This reversing valve solenoid, partially controlled by the HP thermostat, is generally energized in the cooling mode (except as noted above). If the Reversing Valve is energized on a call for heating, what Terminal on the Sub-Base must be used? In a heat pump, a reversing valve controls the direction of the flow of refrigerant. If I cut breaker of to unit you can hear valve coil click as it is de-energizing, or if you put unit in heating cycle you can hear valve click as it is de-energizing. However, there are instances where the reversing valve is off when running cool mode. Maybe the fact that the reversing valve is energized to heat instead of cool is a clue that it's wired up wrong. Will create a dead short when you turn the heat on. The selenoid energized.The other unit wired the same way working fine. 99% of heat pumps I have seen are energized for cooling and are designed to fail heat. A heat pump has a few extra parts that allow it to reverse the direction of heat exchange. selenoid the reversing valve goes into heat. Reversing Valve Position Selects “O” or “B” Setting For Heat Pumps Only O O B 2 Fn Circulating Fan OFF Off/10% – 100% (5% increments) Refrigerant is the chemical mixture that allows for the heat exchange to occur. Please check your heating and cooling system manual or consult a professional HVAC technician if you do not know which option to select. There should be no voltage at the O/B terminal with No Call for heat or cool. In Figures 2 and 3, the pilot valve has been configured so that when the pilot valve is de-energized, the system is in the heating mode, and energizing the pilot valve the system is in cooling mode. If the reversing valve is energized during this test, ... the suction gases can absorb heat from the wayward hot gas bleeding across the valve diminishing the amount of sensible heat rise across the valve. Voltages is ~24v ac. The reversing valve has two states, relaxed (unactivated) versus energized. This determines whether you are going to heat or going to cool. The solenoid does not actually shift the main valve, it only shifts a much smaller pilot valve that then uses system pressure to shift the valve. i have got a chance to get a great deal on a armstrong a-coil and heat pump. In a heat pump system when the reversing valve is energized (cool mode), the unit will run in cool mode and the refrigerant will follow the path indicated on the bottom. Now let's complicate it a bit more.....While not in the majority, there are some units out there that instead of energizing the reversing valve in cool mode, they work in reverse and require that you energize the reversing valve in heat mode, typically using the B terminal and blue wire. The heat pump can be designed by the manufacturer to produce either cooling or heating with the reversing valve in the relaxed state. This will energize the reversing valve to go into cooling. Some units use energized reversing valve during cool and some de-energized. 1) At the thermostat, remove the wire at the O/B terminal. The reversing valve. not all reversing valves energize in heating most do not. For example, solenoid coil energized for cooling (Figure 1); solenoid coil failure mode to heat cycle. Professionals can sometimes repair the reversing valve, put will often need to replace it. An electrical connection from the thermostat controls whether the reversing valve is energized or de-energized. 0 = cooling reversing valve, energized in cooling mode. I intentionally turned the Tstat up high enough to turn on the aux. It is generally soldered to the pipes or copper tubing, which are typically going in and out the device towards the other parts of the heat pump. im considering buying a armstrong heat pump to add to my existing gas only furnace to make it dual fuel. So you should be able to check the wiring at the air handler. The reversing valve is energized when there is a call for heat I just installed a new Ruud heat pumps a couple of weeks ago. Slap a reversing valve on there and when it calls for heat the reversing valve gets energized and the flow is backwards. Initialization heat so I could measure the voltage at the reversing valve and got 24 volts. Refrigerant: The substance in the refrigeration lines that circulates through the indoor and outdoor unit. The reversing valve is energized for cool mode, de energized during heat pump mode operation. The reason for this is a key component called the reversing valve. Shown here, the heat pump cooling works like any cooling system when it is in cooling mode. lennox energize in cooling for instance. Because many heat pumps can lose efficiency as outdoor temperatures fall below freezing, your system probably has a supplemental heat source – either electric resistance heating elements, or a gas or oil furnace. It will operate and blow heat like I've died and gone to hell, but it won't go the other direction and cool. 4-Way Reversing Valve with operating control used for heat pumps. This is a job for your local Carrier expert. there should also be a setting in the menu telling it whether to energize reversing valve on heating or cooling. Your stat has no common. If it was -20 outside, and your reversing valve failed, you will still have heat, you can survive (don't tell that to my customers) without a/c but you will die without heat in reality. Typical wiring diagram for heat pump with reversing valve energized in COOL TRANSFORMER Reversing Valve* B O RC JUMPER WIRE Compressor Contactor JUMPER WIRE * Reversing valve is energized when the system switch is in the COOL position Fan Relay Y RH 24 VAC 120 VAC Hot Neutral THERMOSTAT SYSTEM G W Figure 7. Basically before heat pumps refrigerant flowed one direction. Coils: The condenser and evaporating coil heat or cool the air depending on the directional flow of refrigerant. The main difference is that a heat pump can both heat and cool a home, whereas an air conditioner just cools a home. It allows the heat pump to operate in either the heating. Works fine in emergency heat. But when calling for normal heat, it goes into the cooling cycle. This valve is specialized for heat pumps, and when issues arise with the reversing valve in your heat pump, there will be operational issues. A refrigerant reversing valve with an electromechanical solenoid coil is used to reverse refrigerant flow during unit operation (see Figure 10-14). In most cases, the reversing valve is energized when running cool mode. Cool Low Pressure Gas. This is called the 4-Way Reversing Valve, because it has four connections refrigerant pipes.Because the heat pump uses of reversible mechanical refrigeration cycle, such device is not required. Heat pumps and heat/cool units: many original equipment manufacturers connect the system tubing to the Ranco reversing valve based on which mode (heat or cool) the system will operate, should the solenoid coil fail. Therefore, it is important the check the manufacturer's specifications of the heat pump system that you are using before you can do a proper connection to the thermostat. The determination for mode of operation is the presence or absence of an “O” signal from the stat. or cooling mode by changing the direction of the refrigerant between the indoor and outdoor coils. Reversing valves can easily be configured for opposite operation. It needs another expansion valve, and it needs a reversing valve. This seats the piston so refrigerant must pass through the orifice. It works fine in cooling. When the heat pump switches between its heating and cooling modes, it’s the change in the reversing valve that makes it happen. When the reversing valve is called upon to shift from the "down" position, the pilot solenoid valve is energized, closing its compressor discharge pressure port and connecting the chamber on top of the piston to the compressor suction line. Wire it in and set the reversing valve to stay on cool cycle and never reverse to heat and viola. The wiring at the O/B terminal to the O terminal of the heat.. 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