Cities along this route (from south to north) include Wichita, El Dorado, Emporia, Ottawa, and Kansas City (and suburbs). The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents. Though the Patee family had been involved in vaudeville, they believed films could carry the evening without other variety acts, but in order to show the films it was necessary for the Patee's to establish a generating plant (back in 1903 Lawrence was not yet fully electrified). The abolitionists prevailed, and on January 29, 1861,[18][19] Kansas entered the Union as a free state, hence the unofficial nickname "The Free State". Approximately 25,000 active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8,000 civilian DoD employees. The secondary settlement of Americans in Kansas Territory were abolitionists from Massachusetts and other Free-Staters, who attempted to stop the spread of slavery from neighboring Missouri. The name means “south” and is a shortened form of the tribe’s full name, People of the South Wind. Overland Park, a young city incorporated in 1960, has the largest population and the largest land area in the county. [85] By dialing 511, callers will get access to information about road conditions, construction, closures, detours and weather conditions for the state highway system. Frost-free days range from more than 200 days in the south, to 130 days in the northwest. Among cities with at least one thousand residents, Mission Hills has the highest median income in the state. Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. [114][115] The African-American Bud Fowler played on the Topeka team that season, one year before the "color line" descended on professional baseball.[115]. Except during the 2001 recession (March–November 2001), when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted. Pittsburg State became the winningest NCAA Division II football program in 1995. Historically, Kansans have supported the major league sports teams of Kansas City, Missouri, including the Kansas City Royals (MLB), and the Kansas City Chiefs (NFL), in part because the home stadiums for these teams are a few miles from the Kansas border. Also Keystone City is a Kansas city where The Flash works and lives. [63] With a number of nationally registered historic places, museums, and other entertainment destinations, it has a desire to become a cultural mecca in the Midwest. A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission. Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has 920 separate sales tax rates ranging from 6.5% to 11.5%. South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to 1889 and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind. Nearby, Kansas's first settlement Bonner Springs[61] is home to several national and regional attractions including the Providence Medical Center Amphitheather, the National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame, and the annual Kansas City Renaissance Festival. Also see the lists of names of Native American or English origins. KANSAS NATIVE. [48], The 2014 Pew Religious Landscape Survey showed the religious makeup of adults in Kansas was as follows:[49], As of 2010, the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) reported that the Catholic Church has the highest number of adherents in Kansas (at 426,611), followed by the United Methodist Church with 202,989 members, and the Southern Baptist Convention, reporting 99,329 adherents.[50]. ... A tribe of Native Americans, most populous in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. It oversees both athletic and non-athletic competition, and sponsors championships in several sports and activities. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham's Bethel Bible College, where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in 1901. Kansas has been the setting of many award-winning and popular American films, as well as being the home of some of the oldest operating cinemas in the world. [38] The center of population of Kansas is located in Chase County, at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}38°27′N 96°32′W / 38.450°N 96.533°W / 38.450; -96.533, approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the community of Strong City. [40] The state's agricultural outputs are cattle, sheep, wheat, sorghum, soybeans, cotton, hogs, corn, and salt. July 20, 2018 6:17 PM. Moran: "Amtrak Is Not Doing Its Job", Vote by Kansas School Board Favors Evolution's Doubters, "Kansas Lawmakers Set Minimum Marriage Age to 15", "Kansas Governor Rejects Two Coal-Fired Power Plants", "Here Are America's Least (and Most) Popular Governors", "Kansas governor eliminates state's art funding", "Hundreds rally against closing SRS office", "Lawrence City Commission approves funding for SRS office", "Laura Kelly, a Kansas Democrat, Tops Kobach in Governor's Race", "Democrat Laura Kelly defeats Kris Kobach to become Kansas' next governor", "Liquor Licensee and Supplier Information", "History of Alcoholic Beverages in Kansas", "Kansas March—Kansapedia—Kansas Historical Society", "Guinness World Records: Kansas venue is world's oldest cinema", "Oldest purpose-built cinema in operation", "PBR: Toto—we're not in Kansas any more ...", Loss of NCAA headquarters not related to incentives, Longer list of books about the history of Kansas, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Kansas, List of unincorporated communities in Kansas, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kansas&oldid=1001043569, States and territories established in 1861, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Kansas Cities (°F), 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, The protagonist brothers of the 2005 TV show, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:14. Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes. Thus, Kansas is the country's ninth or tenth sunniest state, depending on the source. [16][17] For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. If you want a distinctive and beautiful Native American name, look no further. Education in Kansas is governed at the primary and secondary school level by the Kansas State Board of Education. In lieu of the state retail sales tax, a 10% Liquor Drink Tax is collected for liquor consumed on the licensed premises and an 8% Liquor Enforcement Tax is collected on retail purchases. [10] Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in 1886 in the Western League. The Fort Hays State University men won the 1996 NCAA Division II title with a 34–0 record, and the Washburn women won the 2005 NCAA Division II crown. Sporting Kansas City, who have played their home games at Village West in Kansas City, since 2008, are the first top-tier professional sports league and first Major League Soccer team to be located within Kansas. The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator. Wichita State University, which also fields teams (called the Shockers) in Division I of the NCAA, is best known for its baseball and basketball programs. Every Native American tribe has a different naming tradition. Origin and Meaning of Kansas User Submitted Origins. It's as simple as that. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. In men's basketball, they appeared in the Final Four in 1965 and 2013, and entered the 2014 NCAA tournament unbeaten. The name is derived ultimately from the Native American tribal word 'akakaze', which means 'of the downriver people' in Quapaw or 'of the south wind' in Sioux. In the Americas, there have been more Native American tattoos put on skin than any other type of design out there. Dotted across the state are smaller regional and municipal airports, including the Lawrence Municipal Airport, which houses many aircraft for the city of Lawrence and the University of Kansas, Miami County Airport, Wamego Airport, Osage City Municipal Airport, which is the headquarters of Skydive Kansas, Garden City Regional Airport, Manhattan Regional Airport, and Dodge City Regional Airport. Liquor-by-the-drink did not become legal until passage of an amendment to the state's constitution in 1986 and additional legislation the following year. [81] The tax cut led to years of budget shortfalls, culminating in a $350 million budget shortfall in February 2017. The state's most famous appearance in literature was as the home of Dorothy Gale, the main character in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial makeup of the population was: Ethnically 10.5% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race).[42]. The state's northeastern corner was subjected to glaciation in the Pleistocene and is covered by glacial drift and loess. It is awarded to somebody for doing something brave; It means beauty; I don’t really care. For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option. Hundreds rallied against the decision. North of Wichita along Interstate 135 is the city of Newton, the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail. [40], By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat. According to Arkansas Secretary of State's website, the name "Arkansas" originates with the native American Quapaw tribe "by way of early French explorers. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales". Before European colonization, Kansas was occupied by the Caddoan Wichita and later the Siouan Kaw people. 'The Air Capital' is a major manufacturing center for the aircraft industry and the home of Wichita State University. [87] An Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connects Newton and Wichita to the Heartland Flyer in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. They also were retroactively awarded national championships by the Helms Foundation for 1922 and 1923. From 1812 to 1821, Kansas was part of the Missouri Territory. If there had been no change in sales tax rates or in the economy, the total sales tax collections for 2003 would have been $1,797 million, compared to $805.3 million in 1990. Dictionary entry overview: What does Kansas mean? In 1887, the Western League was dominated by a reorganized Topeka team called the Golden Giants: a high-priced collection of major leaguer players, including Bug Holliday, Jim Conway, Dan Stearns, Perry Werden and Jimmy Macullar, which won the league by 15½ games. A city of the third class has a population of less than 5,000, but cities reaching a population of more than 2,000 may be certified as a city of the second class. The following year the Legislature enacted the Liquor Control Act which created a system of regulating, licensing, and taxing, and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) was created to enforce the act. Stops in Kansas include Lawrence, Topeka, Newton, Hutchinson, Dodge City, and Garden City. After three seasons in which K-State football languished, Snyder came out of retirement in 2009 and guided them to the top of the college football ranks again, finishing second in the Big 12 in 2011 and earning a berth in the Cotton Bowl, and winning the Big 12 again in 2012. Western Kansas is as sunny as parts of California and Arizona. In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state. Kansas's other rivers are the Saline and Solomon Rivers, tributaries of the Smoky Hill River; the Big Blue, Delaware, and Wakarusa, which flow into the Kansas River; and the Marais des Cygnes, a tributary of the Missouri River. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail, this historic city has several nationally registered historic places. Kansas definition: a state of the central US: consists of undulating prairie , drained chiefly by the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. Kansas is also home to three major military installations: Fort Leavenworth (Army), Fort Riley (Army), and McConnell Air Force Base (Air Force). Information and translations of Wichita in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. If you are searching for your Native American… The council–manager government model was adopted by many larger Kansas cities in the years following World War I while many American cities were being run by political machines or organized crime, notably the Pendergast Machine in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri. By that time, the violence in Kansas had largely subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, 1863, William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people. Most of the precipitation falls during both the summer and the spring. This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue. Two major auto racing facilities are located in Kansas. In 2010, Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. [74] In February 2017, S&P downgraded Kansas's credit rating to AA-. Although temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or higher are not as common in areas east of U.S. 81, higher humidity and the urban heat island effect lead most summer days to heat indices between 107 °F (42 °C) and 114 °F (46 °C) in Topeka, Lawrence, and the Kansas City metropolitan area. 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